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Filters: Author is Fox, N. J.  [Clear All Filters]
Authors: Fox N J, and Burch J L
Title: Preface
Abstract: The discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts in 1958, starting with data from the United States’ first two successful orbiting spacecraft, Explorer’s I and III, was an astounding surprise and represented the founding of what we now call magnetospheric physics. Since that time many spacecraft have traversed the radiation belts en route to other more distant parts of Earth’s magnetosphere and other worlds beyond Earth’s orbit. After initial climatological models of the radiation belts were obtained in the 1960’s and early 1970’s, the main concern about them was the ability of spacecraft and astronauts to survive their intense radiation. And yet there were true scientific mysteries to be solved, glimpses of which came in the 1990’s from spacecraft like CRRES and SAMPEX. CRRES . . .
Date: 11/2013 Publisher: Space Science Reviews Pages: 1-2 DOI: 10.1007/s11214-013-9997-2 Available at:
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Authors: Kessel R L, Fox N J, and Weiss M
Title: The Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) and Space Weather
Abstract: Following the launch and commissioning of NASA’s Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) in 2012, space weather data will be generated and broadcast from the spacecraft in near real-time. The RBSP mission targets one part of the space weather chain: the very high energy electrons and ions magnetically trapped within Earth’s radiation belts. The understanding gained by RBSP will enable us to better predict the response of the radiation belts to solar storms in the future, and thereby protect space assets in the near-Earth environment. This chapter details the presently planned RBSP capabilities for generating and broadcasting near real-time space weather data, discusses the data products, the ground stations collecting the data, and the users/models that will incorporate the data into test-b. . .
Date: 11/2013 Publisher: Space Science Reviews Pages: 531-543 DOI: 10.1007/s11214-012-9953-6 Available at:
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Authors: Mauk B H, Fox N J, Kanekal S G, Kessel R L, Sibeck D G, et al.
Title: Science Objectives and Rationale for the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission
Abstract: The NASA Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) mission addresses how populations of high energy charged particles are created, vary, and evolve in space environments, and specifically within Earth’s magnetically trapped radiation belts. RBSP, with a nominal launch date of August 2012, comprises two spacecraft making in situ measurements for at least 2 years in nearly the same highly elliptical, low inclination orbits (1.1×5.8 RE, 10∘). The orbits are slightly different so that 1 spacecraft laps the other spacecraft about every 2.5 months, allowing separation of spatial from temporal effects over spatial scales ranging from ∼0.1 to 5 RE. The uniquely comprehensive suite of instruments, identical on the two spacecraft, measures all of the particle (electrons, ions, ion composition), fiel. . .
Date: 11/2013 Publisher: Space Science Reviews Pages: 3-27, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-012-9908-y Available at:
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