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Filters: Author is Capannolo, L.  [Clear All Filters]
2019
Authors: Capannolo L., Li W, Ma Q, Shen X.‐C., Zhang X.‐J., et al.
Title: Energetic Electron Precipitation: Multievent Analysis of Its Spatial Extent During EMIC Wave Activity
Abstract: Electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves can drive precipitation of tens of keV protons and relativistic electrons, and are a potential candidate for causing radiation belt flux dropouts. In this study, we quantitatively analyze three cases of EMIC‐driven precipitation, which occurred near the dusk sector observed by multiple Low‐Earth‐Orbiting (LEO) Polar Operational Environmental Satellites/Meteorological Operational satellite programme (POES/MetOp) satellites. During EMIC wave activity, the proton precipitation occurred from few tens of keV up to hundreds of keV, while the electron precipitation was mainly at relativistic energies. We compare observations of electron precipitation with calculations using quasi‐linear theory. For all cases, we consider the effects of other magn. . .
Date: 03/2019 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026291 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA026291
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Authors: Li W, Shen X.‐C., Ma Q, Capannolo L., Shi R., et al.
Title: Quantification of Energetic Electron Precipitation Driven by Plume Whistler Mode Waves, Plasmaspheric Hiss, and Exohiss
Abstract: Whistler mode waves are important for precipitating energetic electrons into Earth's upper atmosphere, while the quantitative effect of each type of whistler mode wave on electron precipitation is not well understood. In this letter, we evaluate energetic electron precipitation driven by three types of whistler mode waves: plume whistler mode waves, plasmaspheric hiss, and exohiss observed outside the plasmapause. By quantitatively analyzing three conjunction events between Van Allen Probes and POES/MetOp satellites, together with quasi‐linear calculation, we found that plume whistler mode waves are most effective in pitch angle scattering loss, particularly for the electrons from tens to hundreds of keV. Our new finding provides the first direct evidence of effective pitch angle scatter. . .
Date: 03/2019 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 3615 - 3624 DOI: 10.1029/2019GL082095 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2019GL082095
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2018
Authors: Capannolo L., Li W, Ma Q, Zhang X.-J., Redmon R. J., et al.
Title: Understanding the Driver of Energetic Electron Precipitation Using Coordinated Multisatellite Measurements
Abstract: Magnetospheric plasma waves play a significant role in ring current and radiation belt dynamics, leading to pitch angle scattering loss and/or stochastic acceleration of the particles. During a non‐storm time dropout event on 24 September 2013, intense electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves were detected by Van Allen Probe A (Radiation Belt Storm Probes‐A). We quantitatively analyze a conjunction event when Van Allen Probe A was located approximately along the same magnetic field line as MetOp‐01, which detected simultaneous precipitation of >30 keV protons and energetic electrons over an unexpectedly broad energy range (>~30 keV). Multipoint observations together with quasi‐linear theory provide direct evidence that the observed electron precipitation at higher energy (>~700 k. . .
Date: 07/2018 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078604 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018GL078604
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