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Authors: Artemyev A. V., Agapitov O. V., Mourenas D., Krasnoselskikh V., and Zelenyi L. M.
Title: Storm-induced energization of radiation belt electrons: Effect of wave obliquity
Abstract: New Cluster statistics allow us to determine for the first time the variations of both the obliquity and intensity of lower-band chorus waves as functions of latitude and geomagnetic activity near L∼5. The portion of wave power in very oblique waves decreases during highly disturbed periods, consistent with increased Landau damping by inward-penetrating suprathermal electrons. Simple analytical considerations as well as full numerical calculations of quasi-linear diffusion rates demonstrate that early-time electron acceleration occurs in a regime of loss-limited energization. In this regime, the average wave obliquity plays a critical role in mitigating lifetime reduction as wave intensity increases with geomagnetic activity, suggesting that much larger energization levels should be reac. . .
Date: 08/2013 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 4138 - 4143 DOI: 10.1002/grl.50837 Available at:
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Authors: Artemyev A. V., Agapitov O. V., Mozer F, and Krasnoselskikh V.
Title: Thermal electron acceleration by localized bursts of electric field in the radiation belts
Abstract: In this paper we investigate the resonant interaction of thermal ~10−100 eV electrons with a burst of electrostatic field that results in electron acceleration to kilovolt energies. This single burst contains a large parallel electric field of one sign and a much smaller, longer lasting parallel field of the opposite sign. The Van Allen Probe spacecraft often observes clusters of spatially localized bursts in the Earth's outer radiation belts. These structures propagate mostly away from thegeomagnetic equator and share properties of soliton-like nonlinear electron-acoustic waves: a velocity of propagation is about the thermal velocity of cold electrons (~3000−10000 km/s), and a spatial scale of electric field localization alongthe field lines is about the Debye radius of hot electrons . . .
Date: 08/2014 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2014GL061248 Available at:
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Authors: Artemyev A. V., Vasiliev A. A., Mourenas D., Agapitov O. V., Krasnoselskikh V., et al.
Title: Fast transport of resonant electrons in phase space due to nonlinear trapping by whistler waves
Abstract: We present an analytical, simplified formulation accounting for the fast transport of relativistic electrons in phase space due to wave-particle resonant interactions in the inhomogeneous magnetic field of Earth's radiation belts. We show that the usual description of the evolution of the particle velocity distribution based on the Fokker-Planck equation can be modified to incorporate nonlinear processes of wave-particle interaction, including particle trapping. Such a modification consists in one additional operator describing fast particle jumps in phase space. The proposed, general approach is used to describe the acceleration of relativistic electrons by oblique whistler waves in the radiation belts. We demonstrate that for a wave power distribution with a hard enough power law tail in. . .
Date: 08/2014 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 5727 - 5733 DOI: 10.1002/grl.v41.1610.1002/2014GL061380 Available at:
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Authors: Artemyev A. V., Agapitov O. V., Mozer F S, and Spence H.
Title: Butterfly pitch-angle distribution of relativistic electrons in the outer radiation belt: Evidence of nonadiabatic scattering
Abstract: In this paper we investigate the scattering of relativistic electrons in the night-side outer radiation belt (around the geostationary orbit). We consider the particular case of low geomagnetic activity (|Dst|< 20 nT), quiet conditions in the solar wind, and absence of whistler wave emissions. For such conditions we find several events of Van-Allen probe observations of butterfly pitch-angle distributions of relativistic electrons (energies about 1-3 MeV). Many previous publications have described such pitch-angle distributions over a wide energy range as due to the combined effect of outward radial diffusion and magnetopause shadowing. In this paper we discuss another mechanism that produces butterfly distributions over a limited range of electron energies. We suggest that such distributi. . .
Date: 05/2015 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020865 Available at:
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Authors: Artemyev A. V., Mourenas D., Agapitov O. V., and Krasnoselskikh V. V.
Title: Relativistic electron scattering by magnetosonic waves: Effects of discrete wave emission and high wave amplitudes
Abstract: In this paper, we study relativistic electron scattering by fast magnetosonic waves. We compare results of test particle simulations and the quasi-linear theory for different spectra of waves to investigate how a fine structure of the wave emission can influence electron resonant scattering. We show that for a realistically wide distribution of wave normal angles theta (i.e., when the dispersion delta theta >= 0.5 degrees), relativistic electron scattering is similar for a wide wave spectrum and for a spectrum consisting in well-separated ion cyclotron harmonics. Comparisons of test particle simulations with quasi-linear theory show that for delta theta > 0.5 degrees, the quasi-linear approximation describes resonant scattering correctly for a large enough plasma frequency. For a very narr. . .
Date: 06/2015 Publisher: Physics of Plasmas Pages: 062901 DOI: 10.1063/1.4922061 Available at:
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Authors: Artemyev A. V., Mourenas D., Agapitov O. V., Vainchtein D. L., Mozer F S, et al.
Title: Stability of relativistic electron trapping by strong whistler or electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves
Abstract: In the present paper, we investigate the trapping of relativistic electrons by intense whistler-mode waves or electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves in the Earth's radiation belts. We consider the non-resonant impact of additional, lower amplitude magnetic field fluctuations on the stability of electron trapping. We show that such additional non-resonant fluctuations can break the adiabatic invariant corresponding to trapped electron oscillations in the effective wave potential. This destruction results in a diffusive escape of electrons from the trapped regime of motion and thus can lead to a significant reduction of the efficiency of electron acceleration. We demonstrate that when energetic electrons are trapped by intense parallel or very oblique whistler-mode waves, non-resonant magnetic . . .
Date: 08/2015 Publisher: Physics of Plasmas Pages: 082901 DOI: 10.1063/1.4927774 Available at:
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Authors: Artemyev A. V., Zhang X.-J., Angelopoulos V, Runov A., Spence H E, et al.
Title: Plasma anisotropies and currents in the near-Earth plasma sheet and inner magnetosphere
Abstract: The region occupying radial distances of ∼3 − 9 Earth radii (RE) in the night side, includes the near‐Earth plasma sheet with stretched magnetic field lines and the inner magnetosphere with strong dipolar magnetic field. In this region, the plasma flow energy, which was injected into the inner magnetosphere from the magnetotail, is converted to particle heating and electromagnetic wave generation. These important processes are controlled by plasma anisotropies, which are the focus of this study. Using measurements of THEMIS and Van Allen Probes in this transition region we obtain radial profiles of ion and electron temperatures and anisotropies for various geomagnetic activity levels. Ion and electron anisotropies vary with the geomagnetic activity in opposite directions. Paralle. . .
Date: 06/2018 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025232 Available at:
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