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Found 909 results
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Authors: Allen R. C., Zhang J. -C., Kistler L. M., Spence H E, Lin R. -L., et al.
Title: A statistical study of EMIC waves observed by Cluster: 1. Wave properties
Abstract: Electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves are an important mechanism for particle energization and losses inside the magnetosphere. In order to better understand the effects of these waves on particle dynamics, detailed information about the occurrence rate, wave power, ellipticity, normal angle, energy propagation angle distributions, as well as local plasma parameters are required. Previous statistical studies have used in situ observations to investigate the distribution of these parameters in the MLT-L frame within a limited MLAT range. In this study, we present a statistical analysis of EMIC wave properties using ten years (2001–2010) of data from Cluster, totaling 25,431 minutes of wave activity. Due to the polar orbit of Cluster, we are able to investigate EMIC waves at all MLATs. . .
Date: 06/2015 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021333 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015JA021333
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Authors: Jun C.-W., Yue C., Bortnik J, Lyons L R, Nishimura Y., et al.
Title: A Statistical Study of EMIC Waves Associated With and Without Energetic Particle Injection From the Magnetotail
Abstract: To understand the relationship between generation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves and energetic particle injections, we performed a statistical study of EMIC waves associated with and without injections based on the Van Allen Probes (Radiation Belt Storm Probes) and Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES; GOES‐13 and GOES‐15) observations. Using 47 months of observations, we identified wave events seen by the Van Allen Probes relative to the plasmapause and to energetic particle injections seen by GOES‐13 and GOES‐15 on the nightside. We separated the events into four categories: EMIC waves with (without) injections inside (outside) the plasmasphere. We found that He+ EMIC waves have higher occurrence rate inside the plasmasphere, while H+ EMIC waves . . .
Date: 01/2019 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 433 - 450 DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025886 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA025886
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Authors: Gao X., Li W, Thorne R M, Bortnik J, Angelopoulos V, et al.
Title: Statistical results describing the bandwidth and coherence coefficient of whistler mode waves using THEMIS waveform data
Abstract: The bandwidths and coherence coefficients of lower band whistler mode waves are analyzed using Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) waveform data for rising tones, falling tones, and hiss-like emissions separately. We also evaluate their dependences on the spatial location, electron density, the ratio of plasma frequency to local electron gyrofrequency (fpe/fce), and the wave amplitude. Our results show that the bandwidth normalized by the local electron gyrofrequency (fce) of rising and falling tones is very narrow (~0.01 fce), smaller than that of the hiss-like emissions (~0.025 fce). Meanwhile, the normalized bandwidth of discrete emissions gradually decreases with increasing wave amplitude, whereas that of hiss-like emissions increases slowly. Th. . .
Date: 11/2014 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020158 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014JA020158
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Authors: Santolik O, Hospodarsky G B, Kurth W S, Averkamp T. F., Kletzing C A, et al.
Title: Statistical properties of wave vector directions of whistler-mode waves in the radiation belts based on measurements of the Van Allen probes and Cluster missions
Abstract: Wave-particle interactions in the Earth's Van Allen radiation belts are known to be an efficient process of the exchange of energy between different particle populations, including the energetic radiation belt particles. The whistler mode waves, especially chorus, can control the radiation belt dynamics via linear or nonlinear interactions with both the energetic radiation belt electrons and lower energy electron populations. Wave vector directions are a very important parameter of these wave-particle interactions. We use measurements of whistlermode waves by the WAVES instrument from the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science (EMFISIS) onboard the Van Allen Probes spacecraft covering the equatorial region of the Earth's magnetosphere in all MLT sectors, and a . . .
Date: 08/2014 Publisher: IEEE DOI: 10.1109/URSIGASS.2014.6929880 Available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6929880
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Authors: Boyd A.J., Spence H.E., Huang C.-L., Reeves G D, Baker D N, et al.
Title: Statistical Properties of the Radiation Belt Seed Population
Abstract: We present a statistical analysis of phase space density data from the first 26 months of the Van Allen Probes mission. In particular we investigate the relationship between the 10s-100s keV seed electrons and >1 MeV core radiation belt electron population. Using a cross correlation analysis, we find that the seed and core populations are well correlated with a coefficient of ≈ 0.73 with a time lag of 10-15 hours. We present evidence of a seed population threshold that is necessary for subsequent acceleration. The depth of penetration of the seed population determines the inner boundary of the acceleration process. However, we show that an enhanced seed population alone is not enough to produce acceleration in the higher energies, implying that the seed population of 100s of keV electron. . .
Date: 07/2016 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022652 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2016JA022652
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Authors: Hartley D. P., Kletzing C A, ík O., Chen L, and Horne R B
Title: Statistical Properties of Plasmaspheric Hiss from Van Allen Probes Observations
Abstract: Van Allen Probes observations are used to statistically investigate plasmaspheric hiss wave properties. This analysis shows that the wave normal direction of plasmaspheric hiss is predominantly field aligned at larger L shells, with a bimodal distribution, consisting of a near-field aligned and a highly oblique component, becoming apparent at lower L shells. Investigation of this oblique population reveals that it is most prevalent at L < 3, frequencies with f/fce> 0.01 (or f> 700 Hz), low geomagnetic activity levels, and between 1900 and 0900 MLT. This structure is similar to that reported for oblique chorus waves in the equatorial region, perhaps suggesting a causal link between the two wave modes. Ray tracing results from HOTRAY confirm that is feasible for these oblique chorus waves to. . .
Date: 02/2018 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024593 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017JA024593/full
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Authors: Li W, Ma Q, Thorne R M, Bortnik J, Kletzing C A, et al.
Title: Statistical properties of plasmaspheric hiss derived from Van Allen Probes data and their Effects on radiation belt electron dynamics
Abstract: Plasmaspheric hiss is known to play an important role in controlling the overall structure and dynamics of radiation belt electrons inside the plasmasphere. Using newly available Van Allen Probes wave data, which provide excellent coverage in the entire inner magnetosphere, we evaluate the global distribution of the hiss wave frequency spectrum and wave intensity for different levels of substorm activity. Our statistical results show that observed hiss peak frequencies are generally lower than the commonly adopted value (~550 Hz), which was in frequent use, and that the hiss wave power frequently extends below 100 Hz, particularly at larger L shells (> ~3) on the dayside during enhanced levels of substorm activity. We also compare electron pitch angle scattering rates caused by hiss . . .
Date: 05/2015 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021048 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015JA021048
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Authors: Malaspina David M., Jaynes Allison N, Hospodarsky George, Bortnik Jacob, Ergun Robert E, et al.
Title: Statistical Properties of Low Frequency Plasmaspheric Hiss
Abstract: Plasmaspheric hiss is an important wave mode for the dynamics of inner terrestrial magnetosphere plasma populations. It acts to scatter high energy electrons out of trapped orbits about Earth and into the atmosphere, defining the inner edge of the radiation belts over a range of energies. A low-frequency component of hiss was recently identified and is important for its ability to interact with higher energy electrons compared to typically considered hiss frequencies. This study compares the statistical properties of low and high frequency plasmaspheric hiss in the terrestrial magnetosphere, demonstrating that they are statistically distinct wave populations. Low frequency hiss shows different behavior in frequency space, different spatial localization (in magnetic local time and radial di. . .
Date: 07/2017 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024328 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017JA024328/full
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Authors: Zhang Wenxun, Ni Binbin, Huang He, Summers Danny, Fu Song, et al.
Title: Statistical Properties of Hiss in Plasmaspheric Plumes and Associated Scattering Losses of Radiation Belt Electrons
Abstract: Whistler mode hiss acts as an important loss mechanism contributing to the radiation belt electron dynamics inside the plasmasphere and plasmaspheric plumes. Based on Van Allen Probes observations from September 2012 to December 2015, we conduct a detailed analysis of hiss properties in plasmaspheric plumes and illustrate that corresponding to the highest occurrence probability of plumes at L = 5.0–6.0 and MLT = 18–21, hiss emissions occur concurrently with a rate of >~80%. Plume hiss can efficiently scatter ~10‐ to 100‐keV electrons at rates up to ~10−4 s−1 near the loss cone, and the resultant electron loss timescales vary largely with energy, that is, from less than an hour for tens of kiloelectron volt electrons to several days for hundreds of kiloelectron volt electrons an. . .
Date: 05/2019 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1029/2018GL081863 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018GL081863
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Authors: Tyler E., Breneman A., Cattell C., Wygant J, Thaller S., et al.
Title: Statistical occurrence and distribution of high amplitude whistler-mode waves in the outer radiation belt
Abstract: We present the first statistical analysis with continuous data coverage and non‐averaged amplitudes of the prevalence and distribution of high‐amplitude (> 5 mV/m) whistler‐mode waves in the outer radiation belt using 5 years of Van Allen Probes data. These waves are most common above L=3.5 and between MLT of 0‐7 where they are present 1‐4% of the time. During high geomagnetic activity, high‐amplitude whistler‐mode wave occurrence rises above 30% in some regions. During these active times the plasmasphere erodes to lower L and high‐amplitude waves are observed at all L outside of it, with the highest occurrence at low L (3.5‐4) in the pre‐dawn sector. These results have important implications for modeling radiation belt particle interactions with chorus, as large‐amp. . .
Date: 02/2019 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1029/2019GL082292 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2019GL082292
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Authors: Qin Murong, Hudson Mary, Millan Mary, Woodger Leslie, and Shekhar Sapna
Title: Statistical investigation of the efficiency of EMIC waves in precipitating relativistic electrons
Abstract: Electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves have been proposed to cause Relativistic Electron Precipitation (REP). In our study, we carry out 4 years of analysis from 2013 to 2016, with relativistic electron precipitation spikes obtained from POES satellites and EMIC waves observation from Van Allen Probes. Among the 473 coincidence events when POES satellites go through the region conjugate to EMIC wave activity, only 127 are associated with REP. Additionally, the coincidence occurrence rate is about 10% higher than the random coincidence occurrence rate, indicating that EMIC waves and relativistic electrons can be statistically related, but the link is weaker than expected. H+ band EMIC waves have been regarded as less important than He+ band EMIC waves for the precipitation of relativist. . .
Date: 06/2018 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025419 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA025419
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Authors: Tyler E., Breneman A., Cattell C., Wygant J, Thaller S., et al.
Title: Statistical Distribution of Whistler Mode Waves in the Radiation Belts With Large Magnetic Field Amplitudes and Comparison to Large Electric Field Amplitudes
Abstract: We present a statistical analysis with 100% duty cycle and non‐time‐averaged amplitudes of the prevalence and distribution of high‐amplitude >50‐pT whistler mode waves in the outer radiation belt using 5 years of Van Allen Probes data. Whistler mode waves with high magnetic field amplitudes are most common above L=4.5 and between magnetic local time of 0–14 where they are present approximately 1–6% of the time. During high geomagnetic activity, high‐amplitude whistler mode wave occurrence rises above 25% in some regions. The dayside population are more common during quiet or moderate geomagnetic activity and occur primarily >5° from the magnetic equator, while the night‐to‐dawn population are enhanced during active times and are primarily within 5° of the magnetic equat. . .
Date: 07/2019 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 6541 - 6552 DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026913 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2019JA026913
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Authors: Zhang X.-J., Li W, Thorne R M, Angelopoulos V, Bortnik J, et al.
Title: Statistical distribution of EMIC wave spectra: Observations from Van Allen Probes
Abstract: It has been known that electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves can precipitate ultrarelativistic electrons through cyclotron resonant scattering. However, the overall effectiveness of this mechanism has yet to be quantified, because it is difficult to obtain the global distribution of EMIC waves that usually exhibit limited spatial presence. We construct a statistical distribution of EMIC wave frequency spectra and their intensities based on Van Allen Probes measurements from September 2012 to December 2015. Our results show that as the ratio of plasma frequency over electron gyrofrequency increases, EMIC wave power becomes progressively dominated by the helium band. There is a pronounced dawn-dusk asymmetry in the wave amplitude and the frequency spectrum. The frequency spectrum does n. . .
Date: 12/2016 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071158 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016GL071158/full
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Authors: Wang Dedong, Yuan Zhigang, Yu Xiongdong, Deng Xiaohua, Zhou Meng, et al.
Title: Statistical characteristic of EMIC waves: Van Allen Probe observations
Abstract: Utilizing the data from the magnetometer instrument which is a part of the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science (EMFISIS) instrument suite onboard the Van Allen Probe A from Sep. 2012 to Apr. 2014, when the apogee of the satellite has passed all the MLT sectors, we obtain the statistical distribution characteristic of EMIC waves in the inner magnetosphere over all local times from L=3 to L=6. Compared with the previous statistical results about EMIC waves, the occurrence rates of EMIC waves distribute relatively uniform in the MLT sectors in lower L-shells. On the other hand, in higher L-shells, there are indeed some peaks of the occurrence rate for the EMIC waves, especially in the noon, dusk and night sectors. EMIC waves appear at lower L-shells in the dawn. . .
Date: 05/2015 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021089 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015JA021089
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Authors: Zhu Hui, Gu Wenyao, and Chen Lunjin
Title: Statistical analysis on plasmatrough exohiss waves from the Van Allen Probes
Abstract: In this study using Van Allen Probe wave observations we investigate the statistical properties of exohiss waves, which are structureless whistler mode waves observed outside the plasmapause. The exohiss waves are identified based on the cold electron number density, frequency distribution, ellipticity, and wave normal angle. The statistical analysis on exohiss wave properties shows that exohiss waves prefer to occur over 3Date: 06/2019 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026359 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA026359
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Authors: Shen Xiao‐Chen, Li Wen, Ma Qianli, Agapitov Oleksiy, and Nishimura Yukitoshi
Title: Statistical Analysis of Transverse Size of Lower Band Chorus Waves Using Simultaneous Multisatellite Observations
Abstract: Chorus waves are known to accelerate or scatter energetic electrons via quasi‐linear or nonlinear wave‐particle interactions in the Earth's magnetosphere. In this letter, by taking advantage of simultaneous observations of chorus waveforms from at least a pair of probes among Van Allen Probes and/or Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) missions, we statistically calculate the transverse size of lower band chorus wave elements. The average size of lower band chorus wave element is found to be ~315±32 km over L shells of ~5–6. Furthermore, our results suggest that the scale size of lower band chorus tends to be (1) larger at higher L shells; (2) larger at higher magnetic latitudes, especially on the dayside; and (3) larger in the azimuthal direc. . .
Date: 05/2019 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1029/2019GL083118 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2019GL083118
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Authors: Meredith Nigel P
Title: Statistical analysis of relativistic electron energies for cyclotron resonance with EMIC waves observed on CRRES
Abstract: Electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves which propagate at frequencies below the proton gyrofrequency can undergo cyclotron resonant interactions with relativistic electrons in the outer radiation belt and cause pitch-angle scattering and electron loss to the atmosphere. Typical storm-time wave amplitudes of 1–10 nT cause strong diffusion scattering which may lead to significant relativistic electron loss at energies above the minimum energy for resonance, Emin. A statistical analysis of over 800 EMIC wave events observed on the CRRES spacecraft is performed to establish whether scattering can occur at geophysically interesting energies (≤2 MeV). While Emin is well above 2 MeV for the majority of these events, it can fall below 2 MeV in localized regions of high plasma density and/o. . .
Date: 06/2003 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009700 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2002JA009700/full
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Authors: Kim Kyung‐Chan, and Shprits Yuri
Title: Statistical Analysis of Hiss Waves in Plasmaspheric Plumes Using Van Allen Probe Observations
Abstract: Plasmaspheric hiss waves commonly observed in high‐density regions in the Earth's magnetosphere are known to be one of the main contributors to the loss of radiation belt electrons. There has been a lot of effort to investigate the distributions of hiss waves in the plasmasphere, while relatively little attention has been given to those in the plasmaspheric plume. In this study, we present for the first time a statistical analysis of the occurrence and the spatial distribution of wave amplitudes and wave normal angles for hiss waves in plumes using Van Allen Probes observations during the period of October 2012 to December 2016. Statistical results show that a wide range of hiss wave amplitudes in plumes from a few picotesla to >100 pT is observed, but a modest (<20 pT) wave amplitude is. . .
Date: 03/2019 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 1904 - 1915 DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026458 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA026458
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Authors: Spasojevic M.
Title: Statistical analysis of ground-based chorus observations during geomagnetic storms
Abstract: Chorus observations from two ground-based, Antarctic receiving stations are analyzed for a set of geomagnetic storms from 2000 to 2010. Superposed epoch analysis is performed together with statistical hypothesis testing to determine whether the observed quantities (geomagnetic indices, outer belt energetic electron fluxes, and chorus properties) are statistically significantly different as functions of storm phase, storm size, and storm type. Waves generated in the outer dayside magnetosphere and observed on the ground at South Pole Station are suppressed during main phase and are statistically unchanged from random intervals during recovery phase. Waves generated in the inner magnetosphere and observed on the ground at Palmer Station are significantly enhanced during storm main phase and . . .
Date: 10/2014 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 8299 - 8317 DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.1010.1002/2014JA019975 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jgra.v119.10http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014JA019975
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Authors: Boynton R. J., Balikhin M. A., and Mourenas D.
Title: Statistical analysis of electron lifetimes at GEO: Comparisons with chorus-driven losses
Abstract: The population of electrons in the Earth's outer radiation belt increases when the magnetosphere is exposed to high-speed streams of solar wind, coronal mass ejections, magnetic clouds, or other disturbances. After this increase, the number of electrons decays back to approximately the initial population. This study statistically analyzes the lifetimes of the electron at Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) from Los Alamos National Laboratory electron flux data. The decay rate of the electron fluxes are calculated for 14 energies ranging from 24 keV to 3.5 MeV to identify a relationship between the lifetime and energy of the electrons. The statistical data show that electron lifetimes increase with energy. Also, the statistical results show a good agreement up to ∼1 MeV with an analytical mod. . .
Date: 08/2014 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 6356 - 6366 DOI: 10.1002/2014JA019920 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014JA019920
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Authors: Artemyev A. V., Mourenas D., Agapitov O. V., Vainchtein D. L., Mozer F S, et al.
Title: Stability of relativistic electron trapping by strong whistler or electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves
Abstract: In the present paper, we investigate the trapping of relativistic electrons by intense whistler-mode waves or electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves in the Earth's radiation belts. We consider the non-resonant impact of additional, lower amplitude magnetic field fluctuations on the stability of electron trapping. We show that such additional non-resonant fluctuations can break the adiabatic invariant corresponding to trapped electron oscillations in the effective wave potential. This destruction results in a diffusive escape of electrons from the trapped regime of motion and thus can lead to a significant reduction of the efficiency of electron acceleration. We demonstrate that when energetic electrons are trapped by intense parallel or very oblique whistler-mode waves, non-resonant magnetic . . .
Date: 08/2015 Publisher: Physics of Plasmas Pages: 082901 DOI: 10.1063/1.4927774 Available at: http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/pop/22/8/10.1063/1.4927774
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Authors: Berman Simmie, Cheng Weilun, Borowski Heather, and Persons David
Title: Spin stabilization design and testing of the Van Allen Probes
Abstract: This paper describes the design decisions taken and the mass properties tracking and testing flow chosen for the Van Allen Probes spacecraft and their deployable systems to achieve the coning angle requirements. Topics include a list of major requirements, a brief description of the error budget, a description of the tracking process of the spacecraft mass properties prior to test, a description of the spin balance and mass properties testing of the spacecraft core and deployable systems, and a presentation of the final mass properties and coning angle calculations of the fully deployed observatories. Launched August 30, 2012, the observed on-orbit, fully deployed configuration coning angles met the requirements, validating the spin balance and mass properties tracking, testing, and calcul. . .
Date: 03/2014 Publisher: IEEE DOI: 10.1109/AERO.2014.6836234 Available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6836234
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Authors: Khazanov K. G. V., Sibeck D. G., Tel'nikhin A. A., and Kronberg T. K.
Title: Spectra of keV protons related to ion-cyclotron wave packets
Abstract: We use the Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equation to study the statistical aspects of stochastic dynamics of the radiation belt (RB) protons driven by nonlinear electromagnetic ion-cyclotron (EMIC) wave packets. We obtain the spectra of keV protons scattered by these waves that show steeping near the gyroresonance, the signature of resonant wave-particle interaction that cannot be described by a simple power law. The most likely mechanism for proton precipitation events in RBs is shown to be nonlinear wave-particle interaction, namely, the scattering of RB protons into the loss cone by EMIC waves.
Date: 01/2017 Publisher: Physics of Plasmas DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4973323 Available at: http://http://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.4973323
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Authors: Gkioulidou Matina, Ohtani S, Mitchell D G, Ukhorskiy A., Reeves G D, et al.
Title: Spatial structure and temporal evolution of energetic particle injections in the inner magnetosphere during the 14 July 2013 substorm event.
Abstract: Recent results by the Van Allen Probes mission showed that the occurrence of energetic ion injections inside geosynchronous orbit could be very frequent throughout the main phase of a geomagnetic storm. Understanding, therefore, the formation and evolution of energetic particle injections is critical in order to quantify their effect in the inner magnetosphere. We present a case study of a substorm event that occurred during a weak storm (Dst ~ - 40 nT) on 14 July 2013. Van Allen Probe B, inside geosynchronous orbit, observed two energetic proton injections within ten minutes, with different dipolarization signatures and duration. The first one is a dispersionless, short timescale injection pulse accompanied by a sharp dipolarization signature, while the second one is a dispersed, longer t. . .
Date: 02/2015 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020872 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014JA020872
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Authors: Anderson B. R., Shekhar S., Millan R M, Crew A. B., Spence H E, et al.
Title: Spatial Scale and Duration of One Microburst Region on 13 August 2015
Abstract: Prior studies of microburst precipitation have largely relied on estimates of the spatial scale and temporal duration of the microburst region in order to determine the radiation belt loss rate of relativistic electrons. These estimates have often relied on the statistical distribution of microburst events. However, few studies have directly observed the spatial and temporal evolution of a single microburst event. In this study, we combine BARREL balloon-borne X-ray measurements with FIREBIRD-II and AeroCube-6 CubeSat electron measurements to determine the spatial and temporal evolution of a microburst region in the morning MLT sector on 13 August 2015. The microburst region is found to extend across at least four hours in local time in the morning sector, from 09:00 to 13:00 MLT, and from. . .
Date: 04/2017 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023752 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016JA023752/full
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Authors: Mann I. R., Usanova M. E., Murphy K., Robertson M. T., Milling D. K., et al.
Title: Spatial localization and ducting of EMIC waves: Van Allen Probes and ground-based observations
Abstract: On 11 October 2012, during the recovery phase of a moderate geomagnetic storm, an extended interval (> 18 h) of continuous electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves was observed by Canadian Array for Real-time Investigations of Magnetic Activity and Solar-Terrestrial Environment Program induction coil magnetometers in North America. At around 14:15 UT, both Van Allen Probes B and A (65° magnetic longitude apart) in conjunction with the ground array observed very narrow (ΔL ~ 0.1–0.4) left-hand polarized EMIC emission confined to regions of mass density gradients at the outer edge of the plasmasphere at L ~ 4. EMIC waves were seen with complex polarization patterns on the ground, in good agreement with model results from Woodroffe and Lysak (2012) and consistent with Earth's . . .
Date: 02/2014 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 785 - 792 DOI: 10.1002/2013GL058581 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2013GL058581
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Authors: Ohtani S, Motoba T., Gkioulidou M., Takahashi K., and Singer H J
Title: Spatial Development of the Dipolarization Region in the Inner Magnetosphere
Abstract: The present study examines dipolarization events observed by the Van Allen Probes within 5.8 RE from Earth. It is found that the probability of occurrence is significantly higher in the dusk‐to‐midnight sector than in the midnight‐to‐dawn sector, and it deceases sharply earthward. A comparison with observations made at nearby satellites shows that dipolarization signatures are often highly correlated (c.c. > 0.8) within 1 hr in MLT and 1 RE in RXY, and the dipolarization region expands earthward and westward in the dusk‐to‐midnight sector. The westward expansion velocity is estimated at 0.4 hr (in MLT) per minute, or 60 km/s, which is consistent with the previously reported result for geosynchronous dipolarization. The earthward expansion is apparently less systematic than the . . .
Date: 06/2018 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025443 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA025443
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Authors: Cho J.-H., Lee D.-Y., Noh S.-J., Kim H., Choi C. R., et al.
Title: Spatial dependence of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves triggered by solar wind dynamic pressure enhancements
Abstract: In this paper, using the multisatellite (the Van Allen Probes and two GOES satellites) observations in the inner magnetosphere, we examine two electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) wave events that are triggered by Pdyn enhancements under prolonged northward interplanetary magnetic field quiet time preconditions. For both events, the impact of enhanced Pdyn causes EMIC waves at multiple points. However, we find a strong spatial dependence that EMIC waves due to enhanced Pdyn impact can occur at multiple points (likely globally but not necessarily everywhere) but with different wave properties. For Event 1, three satellites situated at a nearly same dawnside zone but at slightly different L shells see occurrence of EMIC waves but in different frequencies relative to local ion gyrofrequencies. . .
Date: 05/2017 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023827 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016JA023827/full
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Authors: Sarno-Smith Lois K., Larsen Brian A., Skoug Ruth M., Liemohn Michael W., Breneman Aaron, et al.
Title: Spacecraft surface charging within geosynchronous orbit observed by the Van Allen Probes
Abstract: Using the Helium Oxygen Proton Electron (HOPE) and Electric Field and Waves (EFW) instruments from the Van Allen Probes, we explored the relationship between electron energy fluxes in the eV and keV ranges and spacecraft surface charging. We present statistical results on spacecraft charging within geosynchronous orbit by L and MLT. An algorithm to extract the H+ charging line in the HOPE instrument data was developed to better explore intense charging events. Also, this study explored how spacecraft potential relates to electron number density, electron pressure, electron temperature, thermal electron current, and low-energy ion density between 1 and 210 eV. It is demonstrated that it is imperative to use both EFW potential measurements and the HOPE instrument ion charging line for examin. . .
Date: 02/2016 Publisher: Space Weather Pages: n/a - n/a DOI: 10.1002/2015SW001345 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015SW001345/full
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Authors: Lesley Mellinee
Title: “Spacecraft Reveals Recent Geological Activity on the Moon”
Abstract: Through a content analysis of 200 “tweets,” this study was an exploration into the distinct features of text posted to NASA's Twitter site and the potential for these posts to serve as more engaging scientific text than traditional textbooks for adolescents. Results of the content analysis indicated the tweets and linked texts on the NASA Twitter site were constructed primarily as a form of “adapted primary literature” where science texts created by scientists for other scientists are presented in a slightly modified format for the general public. Further, the content analysis revealed the majority of text posted was designed to cultivate scientific knowledge for novices. Findings of the content analysis are presented and implications for teaching scientific literacies to adolescen. . .
Date: 02/2014 Publisher: Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy Pages: 377 - 385 DOI: 10.1002/jaal.2014.57.issue-510.1002/jaal.258 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaal.2014.57.issue-5http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jaal.258
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Authors: Lanzerotti Louis J., and Baker Daniel N
Title: Space Weather Research: Earth's Radiation Belts
Abstract: Fundamental research on Earth's space radiation environment is essential for the design and the operations of modern technologies – for communications, weather, navigation, national security – that fly in the hostile space weather conditions above Earth's atmosphere. As the technologies become ever more advanced, more sophisticated understanding – and even predictability – of the environment is required for mission success
Date: 05/2017 Publisher: Space Weather DOI: 10.1002/2017SW001654 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017SW001654/full
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Authors: Lee Jongkil, Kim Kyung-Chan, Giuseppe Romeo, Ukhorskiy Sasha, Sibeck David, et al.
Title: Space Weather Operation at KASI with Van Allen Probes Beacon Signals
Abstract: The Van Allen Probes (VAPs) are the only modern NASA spacecraft broadcasting real-time data on the Earth's radiation belts for space weather operations. Since 2012, the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) has contributed to the receipt of this data via a 7-m satellite tracking antenna and used these data for space weather operations. An approximately 15-min period is required from measurement to acquisition of Level-1 data. In this paper, we demonstrate the use of VAP data for monitoring space weather conditions at geostationary orbit (GEO) by highlighting the Saint Patrick's Day storm of 2015. During that storm, Probe-A observed a significant increase in the relativistic electron flux at 3 RE. Those electrons diffused outward resulting in a large increase of the electron fl. . .
Date: 01/2018 Publisher: Space Weather DOI: 10.1002/2017SW001726 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017SW001726/full
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Authors: Turner Drew L
Title: Space science: Near-Earth space shows its stripes
Abstract: Using some of the first scientific satellites put into orbit during the late 1950s, teams led by physicists James Van Allen in the United States and Sergei Vernov in the Soviet Union independently reported1, 2 on defined regions of radiation in near-Earth space. These regions came to be known as Earth's radiation belts, and they represent the first major scientific discovery of the space age. However, despite decades of study, many questions in radiation-belt physics remain unanswered, mostly concerning the nature of the inner and outer belts, which are populated by electrons moving at near the speed of light. As society becomes ever more dependent on satellite-based technology, it is increasingly important to understand the variability in the radiation belts, because the highest-energy . . .
Date: 03/2014 Publisher: Nature Pages: 308 - 309 DOI: 10.1038/507308a Available at: http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/507308a
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Authors: Lanzerotti Louis J.
Title: Space Research and Space Weather: Some Personal Vignettes 1965 to Early 1980s
Abstract: Personal vignettes are given on early days of space research, space weather, and space advisory activities from 1965 to early 1980s.
Date: 04/2019 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026763 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2019JA026763
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Authors: Hudson M K
Title: Space physics: A fast lane in the magnetosphere
Abstract: A marriage between satellite observations and modelling has shown that acceleration of electrons in the magnetosphere can be explained by scattering of these particles by plasma oscillations known as chorus waves.
Date: 12/2013 Publisher: Nature Pages: 383 - 384 DOI: 10.1038/504383a Available at: http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/504383a
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Authors: Wang Chih-Ping, Xing Xiaoyan, Nakamura T. K. M., Lyons Larry R., and Angelopoulos Vassilis
Title: Source and structure of bursty hot electron enhancements in the tail magnetosheath: Simultaneous two-probe observation by ARTEMIS
Abstract: Bursty enhancements of hot electrons (≳0.5 keV) with duration of minutes sometimes occur in the tail magnetosheath. In this study we used the unique simultaneous measurements from the two Acceleration Reconnection Turbulence and Electrodynamics of Moon's Interaction with the Sun probes to investigate the likely sources, spatial structures, and responsible processes for these hot electron enhancements. The enhancements can be seen at any distance across the magnetosheath, but those closer to the magnetopause are more often accompanied by magnetosheath density and flow magnitudes changing to more magnetosphere-like values. From simultaneous measurements with the two probes being on either side of magnetopause or both in the magnetosheath, it is evident that these hot electrons come from . . .
Date: 12/2014 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020603 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014JA020603
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Authors: Jaynes A.N., Baker D.N., Singer H.J., Rodriguez J.V., Loto'aniu T.M., et al.
Title: Source and Seed Populations for Relativistic Electrons: Their Roles in Radiation Belt Changes
Abstract: Strong enhancements of outer Van Allen belt electrons have been shown to have a clear dependence on solar wind speed and on the duration of southward interplanetary magnetic field. However, individual case study analyses also have demonstrated that many geomagnetic storms produce little in the way of outer belt enhancements and, in fact, may produce substantial losses of relativistic electrons. In this study, focused upon a key period in August-September 2014, we use GOES geostationary orbit electron flux data and Van Allen Probes particle and fields data to study the process of radiation belt electron acceleration. One particular interval, 13-22 September, initiated by a short-lived geomagnetic storm and characterized by a long period of primarily northward IMF, showed strong depletion of. . .
Date: 07/2015 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021234 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015JA021234
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Authors: Li W, Thorne R M, Bortnik J, Baker D N, Reeves G D, et al.
Title: Solar wind conditions leading to efficient radiation belt electron acceleration: A superposed epoch analysis
Abstract: Determining preferential solar wind conditions leading to efficient radiation belt electron acceleration is crucial for predicting radiation belt electron dynamics. Using Van Allen Probes electron observations (>1 MeV) from 2012 to 2015, we identify a number of efficient and inefficient acceleration events separately to perform a superposed epoch analysis of the corresponding solar wind parameters and geomagnetic indices. By directly comparing efficient and inefficient acceleration events, we clearly show that prolonged southward Bz, high solar wind speed, and low dynamic pressure are critical for electron acceleration to >1 MeV energies in the heart of the outer radiation belt. We also evaluate chorus wave evolution using the superposed epoch analysis for the identified efficient and . . .
Date: 09/2015 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2015GL065342 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1002/2015GL065342/abstract
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Authors: Thaller S. A., Wygant J R, Cattell C. A., Breneman A. W., Tyler E., et al.
Title: Solar rotation period driven modulations of plasmaspheric density and convective electric field in the inner magnetosphere
Abstract: This paper presents the first analysis of Van Allen Probes measurements of the cold plasma density and electric field in the inner magnetosphere to show that intervals of strong modulation at the solar rotation period occur in the locations of the outer plasmasphere and plasmapause (~0.7 RE peak‐to‐peak), in the large‐scale electric field (~0.24 mV/m peak‐to‐peak), and in the cold plasma density (~250 cm‐3 – ~70 cm‐3 peak‐to‐peak). Solar rotation modulation of the inner magnetosphere is more apparent in the declining phase of the solar cycle than near solar maximum. The periodicities in these parameters are compared to solar EUV irradiance, solar wind dawn‐dusk electric field, and Kp. The variations in the plasmapause location at the solar rotation period anti‐corre. . .
Date: 02/2019 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026365 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA026365
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Authors: O'Brien T P, Mazur J E, and Looper M D
Title: Solar Energetic Proton Access to the Magnetosphere During the 10–14 September 2017 Particle Event
Abstract: We explore the penetration of >60 MeV protons into the magnetosphere during the 10–14 September 2017 solar energetic particle event. Solar energetic particles can cause single event effects and total dose degradation in spacecraft electronics. Therefore, it is important for satellite anomaly analysis to understand how deep into the magnetosphere these particles penetrate. Whereas most studies of geomagnetic cutoffs use low‐altitude data, we use data from the Relativistic Proton Spectrometer on National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Van Allen Probes, which is in a high‐altitude, elliptical orbit. We determine how the penetration depends on particle energy, location, and direction of incidence. We evaluate multiple published models of the geomagnetic cutoff to determine how we. . .
Date: 08/2018 Publisher: Space Weather DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001960 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018SW001960
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Authors: Lessard Marc R., Lindgren Erik A., Engebretson Mark J, and Weaver Carol
Title: Solar cycle dependence of ion cyclotron wave frequencies
Abstract: Electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves have been studied for decades, though remain a fundamentally important topic in heliospheric physics. The connection of EMIC waves to the scattering of energetic particles from Earth's radiation belts is one ofmany topics that motivate the need for a deeper understanding of characteristics and occurrence distributions of the waves. In this study, we show that EMIC wave frequencies, as observed at Halley Station in Antarctica from 2008 through 2012, increase by approximately 60% from a minimum in 2009 to the end of 2012. Assuming that these waves are excited in the vicinity of the plasmapause, the change in Kp in going from solar minimum to near solar maximum would drive increased plasmapause erosion, potentially shifting the generation region of t. . .
Date: 04/2015 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020791 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014JA020791
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Authors: Reid Mark, and Ottman Geffrey
Title: Software controlled memory scrubbing for the Van Allen Probes Solid State Recorder (SSR) memory
Abstract: The Van Allen Probes mission which was designed and built by the Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) is also being operated by the APL mission operations team in Laurel, Maryland. The two Van Allen Probes spacecraft have been successfully collecting data on orbit since they were launched on August 30, 2012. These twin probes are providing unprecedented insight into the physical dynamics of the Earth's radiation belts and are giving scientists the data they need to make predictions of changes in this critical region of space, by sampling the harsh radiation belt environment where major space weather activity occurs and many spacecraft operate.[1] Shortly after launch, radiation induced anomalies were reported on both spacecraft and investigated by the hardware and sof. . .
Date: 03/2014 Publisher: IEEE DOI: 10.1109/AERO.2014.6836406 Available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6836406
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Authors: Meredith Nigel P, Horne Richard B, Glauert Sarah A, and Anderson Roger R
Title: Slot region electron loss timescales due to plasmaspheric hiss and lightning-generated whistlers
Abstract: [1] Energetic electrons (E > 100 keV) in the Earth's radiation belts undergo Doppler-shifted cyclotron resonant interactions with a variety of whistler mode waves leading to pitch angle scattering and subsequent loss to the atmosphere. In this study we assess the relative importance of plasmaspheric hiss and lightning-generated whistlers in the slot region and beyond. Electron loss timescales are determined using the Pitch Angle and energy Diffusion of Ions and Electrons (PADIE) code with global models of the spectral distributions of the wave power based on CRRES observations. Our results show that plasmaspheric hiss propagating at small and intermediate wave normal angles is a significant scattering agent in the slot region and beyond. In contrast, plasmaspheric hiss propagating at large. . .
Date: 08/2007 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012413 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2007JA012413/abstract
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Authors: Yuan Zhigang, Yu Xiongdong, Ouyang Zhihai, Yao Fei, Huang Shiyong, et al.
Title: Simultaneous trapping of EMIC and MS waves by background plasmas
Abstract: Electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves and fast magnetosonic waves are found to be simultaneously modulated by background plasma density: both kinds of waves were observed in high plasma density regions but vanished in low density regions. Theoretical analysis based on Snell's law and linear growth theory have been utilized to investigate the physical mechanisms driving such modulation. It is suggested that the modulation of fast magnetosonic waves might be due to trapping by plasma density structures, which results from a conservation of the parameter Q during their propagation. Here Q = nrsinψ, with n the refractive index, r the radial distance, and ψ the wave azimuthal angle. As for electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves, the modulation might be owed to the ion composition difference betwee. . .
Date: 02/2019 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026149 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA026149
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Authors: Chiu Y T, Nightingale R W, and Rinaldi M A
Title: Simultaneous Radial and Pitch Angle Diffusion in the Outer Electron Radiation Belt
Abstract: A solution of the bimodal (radial and pitch angle) diffusion equation for the radiation belts is developed with special regard for the requirements of satellite radiation belt data analysis. In this paper, we use this solution to test the bimodal theory of outer electron belt diffusion by confronting it with satellite data. Satellite observations, usually over finite volumes of (L, t) space, are seldom sufficient in space-time duration to cover the relaxation to equilibrium of the entire radiation belt. Since time scales of continuous data coverage are often comparable to that of radiation belt disturbances, it is therefore inappropriate to apply impulsive semi-infinite time response solutions of diffusion theory to interpret data from a finite window of (L, t) space. Observational limitat. . .
Date: 04/1988 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research Pages: 2619 - 2632 DOI: 10.1029/JA093iA04p02619 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/JA093iA04p02619/abstract
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Authors: Ghamry E., Kim K.-H., Kwon H.-J., Lee D.-H., Park J.-S., et al.
Title: Simultaneous Pi2 observations by the Van Allen Probes inside and outside the plasmasphere
Abstract: Plasmaspheric virtual resonance (PVR) model has been proposed as one of source mechanisms for low-latitude Pi2 pulsations. Since PVR-associated Pi2 pulsations are not localized inside the plasmasphere, simultaneous multipoint observations inside and outside the plasmasphere require to test the PVR model. Until now, however, there are few studies using simultaneous multisatellite observations inside and outside the plasmasphere for understanding the radial structure of Pi2 pulsation. In this study, we focus on the Pi2 event observed at low-latitude Bohyun (BOH, L = 1.35) ground station in South Korea in the postmidnight sector (magnetic local time (MLT) = 3.0) for the interval from 1730 to 1900 UT on 12 March 2013. By using electron density derived from the frequency of the upper hybrid wav. . .
Date: 05/2015 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021095 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015JA021095
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Authors: Mozer F S, Agapitov O. V., Blake J B, and Vasko I. Y.
Title: SIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS OF LOWER BAND CHORUS EMISSIONS AT THE EQUATOR AND MICROBURST PRECIPITATING ELECTRONS IN THE IONOSPHERE
Abstract: On December 11, 2016 at 00:12:30 UT, Van Allen Probe-B, at the equator and near midnight, and AC6-B, in the ionosphere, were on magnetic field lines whose 100 km altitude foot points were separated by 600 km. Van Allen Probe-B observed a 30 second burst of lower band chorus waves (with maximum amplitudes >1 nT) at the same time that AC6-B observed intense microburst electrons in the loss cone. One-second averaged variations of the chorus intensity and the microburst electron flux were well-correlated. The low altitude electron flux expected from quasi-linear diffusion of the equatorial electrons by the equatorial chorus is in excellent agreement with the observed, one second averaged, low altitude electron flux. However the large amplitude, <0.5 second duration, low altitude electron pulse. . .
Date: 12/2017 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2017GL076120 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017GL076120/full
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Authors: Schiller Q., Tu W., Ali A. F., Li X, Godinez H. C., et al.
Title: Simultaneous event-specific estimates of transport, loss, and source rates for relativistic outer radiation belt electrons
Abstract: The most significant unknown regarding relativistic electrons in Earth's outer Van Allen radiation belt is the relative contribution of loss, transport, and acceleration processes within the inner magnetosphere. Detangling each individual process is critical to improve the understanding of radiation belt dynamics, but determining a single component is challenging due to sparse measurements in diverse spatial and temporal regimes. However, there are currently an unprecedented number of spacecraft taking measurements that sample different regions of the inner magnetosphere. With the increasing number of varied observational platforms, system dynamics can begin to be unraveled. In this work, we employ in situ measurements during the 13–14 January 2013 enhancement event to isolate transport,. . .
Date: 03/2017 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023093 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2016JA023093
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Title: Simultaneous disappearances of plasmaspheric hiss, exohiss, and chorus waves triggered by a sudden decrease in solar wind dynamic pressure
Abstract: Magnetospheric whistler mode waves are of great importance in the radiation belt electron dynamics. Here on the basis of the analysis of a rare event with the simultaneous disappearances of whistler mode plasmaspheric hiss, exohiss, and chorus triggered by a sudden decrease in the solar wind dynamic pressure, we provide evidences for the following physical scenarios: (1) nonlinear generation of chorus controlled by the geomagnetic field inhomogeneity, (2) origination of plasmaspheric hiss from chorus, and (3) leakage of plasmaspheric hiss into exohiss. Following the reduction of the solar wind dynamic pressure, the dayside geomagnetic field configuration with the enhanced inhomogeneity became unfavorable for the generation of chorus, and the quenching of chorus directly caused the disappea. . .
Date: 01/2017 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071987 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016GL071987
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Authors: Liu Nigang, Su Zhenpeng, Gao Zhonglei, Zheng Huinan, Wang Yuming, et al.
Title: Simultaneous disappearances of plasmaspheric hiss, exohiss, and chorus waves triggered by a sudden decrease in solar wind dynamic pressure
Abstract: Magnetospheric whistler mode waves are of great importance in the radiation belt electron dynamics. Here on the basis of the analysis of a rare event with the simultaneous disappearances of whistler mode plasmaspheric hiss, exohiss, and chorus triggered by a sudden decrease in the solar wind dynamic pressure, we provide evidences for the following physical scenarios: (1) nonlinear generation of chorus controlled by the geomagnetic field inhomogeneity, (2) origination of plasmaspheric hiss from chorus, and (3) leakage of plasmaspheric hiss into exohiss. Following the reduction of the solar wind dynamic pressure, the dayside geomagnetic field configuration with the enhanced inhomogeneity became unfavorable for the generation of chorus, and the quenching of chorus directly caused the disappea. . .
Date: 01/2017 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 52 - 61 DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071987 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016GL071987/full
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