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Found 876 results
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Authors: Min Kyungguk, Bortnik J, and Lee Jeongwoo
Title: A novel technique for rapid L∗ calculation: algorithm and implementation
Abstract: Computing the magnetic drift invariant, L*, rapidly and accurately has always been a challenge to magnetospheric modelers, especially given the im- portance of this quantity in the radiation belt community. Min et al. (2013) proposed a new method of calculating L* using the principle of energy con- servation. Continuing with the approach outlined therein, the present pa- per focuses on the technical details of the algorithm to outline the implemen- tation, systematic analysis of accuracy, and verification of the speed of the new method. We also show new improvements which enable near real-time computation of L*. The relative error is on the order of 10−3 when ∼ 0.1 RE grid resolution is used and the calculation speed is about two seconds per particle in the popular Tsyganenko. . .
Date: 05/2013 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research Pages: 1912-1921 DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50250 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgra.50250/full
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Authors: Min Kyungguk, Liu Kaijun, Wang Xueyi, Chen Lunjin, and Denton Richard E
Title: Fast Magnetosonic Waves Observed by Van Allen Probes: Testing Local Wave Excitation Mechanism
Abstract: Linear Vlasov theory and particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations for electromagnetic fluctuations in a homogeneous, magnetized, and collisionless plasma are used to investigate a fast magnetosonic wave event observed by the Van Allen Probes. The fluctuating magnetic field observed exhibits a series of spectral peaks at harmonics of the proton cyclotron frequency Ωp and has a dominant compressional component, which can be classified as fast magnetosonic waves. Furthermore, the simultaneously observed proton phase space density exhibits positive slopes in the perpendicular velocity space, ∂fp/∂v⊥>0, which can be a source for these waves. Linear theory analyses and PIC simulations use plasma and field parameters measured in situ except that the modeled proton distribution is modified to hav. . .
Date: 01/2018 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024867 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017JA024867/full
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Authors: Millan R.M.
Title: Understanding relativistic electron losses with BARREL
Abstract: The primary scientific objective of the Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses (BARREL) is to understand the processes responsible for scattering relativistic electrons into Earth's atmosphere. BARREL is the first Living with a Star Geospace Mission of Opportunity, and will consist of two Antarctic balloon campaigns conducted in the 2012 and 2013 Austral summer seasons. During each campaign, a total of 20 small View the MathML source(∼20kg) balloon payloads will be launched, providing multi-point measurements of electron precipitation in conjunction with in situ measurements from the two RBSP spacecraft, scheduled to launch in May 2012. In this paper we outline the scientific objectives of BARREL, highlighting a few key science questions that will be addressed by BARREL in c. . .
Date: 07/2011 Publisher: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics Pages: 1425 - 1434 DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2011.01.006 Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364682611000071
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Authors: Millan R M
Title: X-ray observations of MeV electron precipitation with a balloon-borne germanium spectrometer
Abstract: The high-resolution germanium detector aboard the MAXIS (MeV Auroral X-ray Imaging and Spectroscopy) balloon payload detected nine X-ray bursts with significant flux extending above 0.5 MeV during an 18 day flight over Antarctica. These minutes-to-hours-long events are characterized by an extremely flat spectrum (∼E−2) similar to the first MeV event discovered in 1996, indicating that the bulk of parent precipitating electrons is at relativistic energies. The MeV bursts were detected between magnetic latitudes 58°–68° (L-values of 3.8–6.7) but only in the late afternoon/dusk sectors (14:30–00:00 MLT), suggesting scattering by EMIC (electromagnetic ion cyclotron) waves as a precipitation mechanism. We estimate the average flux of precipitating E ≥ 0.5 MeV electrons to be ∼36. . .
Date: 12/2002 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1029/2002GL015922 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2002GL015922/full
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Authors: Millan R M, McCarthy M P, Sample J G, Smith D M, Thompson L D, et al.
Title: The Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses (BARREL)
Abstract: BARREL is a multiple-balloon investigation designed to study electron losses from Earth’s Radiation Belts. Selected as a NASA Living with a Star Mission of Opportunity, BARREL augments the Radiation Belt Storm Probes mission by providing measurements of relativistic electron precipitation with a pair of Antarctic balloon campaigns that will be conducted during the Austral summers (January-February) of 2013 and 2014. During each campaign, a total of 20 small (∼20 kg) stratospheric balloons will be successively launched to maintain an array of ∼5 payloads spread across ∼6 hours of magnetic local time in the region that magnetically maps to the radiation belts. Each balloon carries an X-ray spectrometer to measure the bremsstrahlung X-rays produced by precipitating relativistic electr. . .
Date: 11/2013 Publisher: Space Science Reviews DOI: 10.1007/s11214-013-9971-z Available at: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11214-013-9971-z
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Authors: MILLAN R, and THORNE R
Title: Review of radiation belt relativistic electron losses
Abstract: We present a brief review of radiation belt electron losses which are vitally important for controlling the dynamics of the radiation belts. A historical overview of early observations is presented, followed by a brief description of important known electron loss mechanisms. We describe key theoretical results and observations related to pitch-angle scattering by resonant interaction with plasmaspheric hiss, whistler-mode chorus and electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves, and review recent work on magnetopause losses. In particular, we attempt to organize recent observational data by loss mechanism and their relative importance to the overall rate of loss. We conclude by suggesting future observational and theoretical work that would contribute to our understanding of this important area of r. . .
Date: 03/2007 Publisher: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics Pages: 362 - 377 DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2006.06.019 Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364682606002768
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Authors: Meredith Nigel P, Horne Richard B, Glauert Sarah A, Thorne Richard M, Summers D., et al.
Title: Energetic outer zone electron loss timescales during low geomagnetic activity
Abstract: Following enhanced magnetic activity the fluxes of energetic electrons in the Earth's outer radiation belt gradually decay to quiet-time levels. We use CRRES observations to estimate the energetic electron loss timescales and to identify the principal loss mechanisms. Gradual loss of energetic electrons in the region 3.0 ≤ L ≤ 5.0 occurs during quiet periods (Kp < 3−) following enhanced magnetic activity on timescales ranging from 1.5 to 3.5 days for 214 keV electrons to 5.5 to 6.5 days for 1.09 MeV electrons. The intervals of decay are associated with large average values of the ratio fpe/fce (>7), indicating that the decay takes place in the plasmasphere. We compute loss timescales for pitch-angle scattering by plasmaspheric hiss using the PADIE code with wave properties based on C. . .
Date: 05/2006 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011516 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2005JA011516/abstract
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Authors: Meredith Nigel P, Horne Richard B, Johnstone Alan D, and Anderson Roger R
Title: The temporal evolution of electron distributions and associated wave activity following substorm injections in the inner magnetosphere
Abstract: The temporal evolution of electron distributions and associated wave activity following substorm injections in the inner magnetosphere are investigated using data from the CRRES satellite. Equatorial electron distributions and concomitant wave spectra outside the plasmapause on the nightside of the Earth are studied as a function of time since injection determined from the auroral-electrojet index (AE). The electron cyclotron harmonic (ECH) wave amplitudes are shown to be very sensitive to small modeling errors in the location of the magnetic equator. They are best understood at the ECH equator, defined by the local maximum in the ECH wave activity in the vicinity of the nominal magnetic equator, suggesting that the ECH equator is a better measure of the location of the true equator. Stron. . .
Date: 06/2000 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research Pages: 12907 DOI: 10.1029/2000JA900010 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2000JA900010/full
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Authors: Meredith Nigel P, Horne Richard B, Kersten Tobias, Li Wen, Bortnik Jacob, et al.
Title: Global model of plasmaspheric hiss from multiple satellite observations
Abstract: We present a global model of plasmaspheric hiss, using data from eight satellites, extending the coverage and improving the statistics of existing models. We use geomagnetic activity dependent templates to separate plasmaspheric hiss from chorus. In the region 22‐14 MLT the boundary between plasmaspheric hiss and chorus moves to lower L∗ values with increasing geomagnetic activity. The average wave intensity of plasmaspheric hiss is largest on the dayside and increases with increasing geomagnetic activity from midnight through dawn to dusk. Plasmaspheric hiss is most intense and spatially extended in the 200‐500 Hz frequency band during active conditions, 400 Date: 05/2018 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025226 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1029/2018JA025226http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1029/2018JA025226/fullpdfhttps://api.wiley.com/onlinelibrary/tdm/v1/articles/10.1029%2F2018JA025226
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Authors: Meredith Nigel P, Horne Richard B, Glauert Sarah A, and Anderson Roger R
Title: Slot region electron loss timescales due to plasmaspheric hiss and lightning-generated whistlers
Abstract: [1] Energetic electrons (E > 100 keV) in the Earth's radiation belts undergo Doppler-shifted cyclotron resonant interactions with a variety of whistler mode waves leading to pitch angle scattering and subsequent loss to the atmosphere. In this study we assess the relative importance of plasmaspheric hiss and lightning-generated whistlers in the slot region and beyond. Electron loss timescales are determined using the Pitch Angle and energy Diffusion of Ions and Electrons (PADIE) code with global models of the spectral distributions of the wave power based on CRRES observations. Our results show that plasmaspheric hiss propagating at small and intermediate wave normal angles is a significant scattering agent in the slot region and beyond. In contrast, plasmaspheric hiss propagating at large. . .
Date: 08/2007 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012413 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2007JA012413/abstract
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Authors: Meredith Nigel P
Title: Statistical analysis of relativistic electron energies for cyclotron resonance with EMIC waves observed on CRRES
Abstract: Electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves which propagate at frequencies below the proton gyrofrequency can undergo cyclotron resonant interactions with relativistic electrons in the outer radiation belt and cause pitch-angle scattering and electron loss to the atmosphere. Typical storm-time wave amplitudes of 1–10 nT cause strong diffusion scattering which may lead to significant relativistic electron loss at energies above the minimum energy for resonance, Emin. A statistical analysis of over 800 EMIC wave events observed on the CRRES spacecraft is performed to establish whether scattering can occur at geophysically interesting energies (≤2 MeV). While Emin is well above 2 MeV for the majority of these events, it can fall below 2 MeV in localized regions of high plasma density and/o. . .
Date: 06/2003 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009700 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2002JA009700/full
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Authors: Meredith Nigel P, Cain Michelle, Horne Richard B., Thorne Richard M., Summers D., et al.
Title: Evidence for chorus-driven electron acceleration to relativistic energies from a survey of geomagnetically disturbed periods
Abstract: We perform a survey of the plasma wave and particle data from the CRRES satellite during 26 geomagnetically disturbed periods to investigate the viability of a local stochastic electron acceleration mechanism to relativistic energies driven by Doppler-shifted cyclotron resonant interactions with whistler mode chorus. Relativistic electron flux enhancements associated with moderate or strong storms may be seen over the whole outer zone (3 < L < 7), typically peaking in the range 4 < L < 5, whereas those associated with weak storms and intervals of prolonged substorm activity lacking a magnetic storm signature (PSALMSS) are typically observed further out in the regions 4 < L < 7 and 4.5 < L < 7, respectively. The most significant relativistic electron flux enhancements are seen outside of th. . .
Date: 06/2003 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009764 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2002JA009764/abstract
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Authors: Menietti J. D., Averkamp T. F., Groene J. B., Horne R B, Shprits Y Y, et al.
Title: Survey analysis of chorus intensity at Saturn
Abstract: In order to conduct theoretical studies or modeling of pitch angle scattering of electrons by whistler mode chorus emission at Saturn, a knowledge of chorus occurrence and magnetic intensity levels, PB, as well as the distribution of PB relative to frequency and spatial parameters is essential. In this paper an extensive survey of whistler mode magnetic intensity levels at Saturn is carried out, and Gaussian fits of PB are performed. We fit the spectrum of wave magnetic intensity between the lower hybrid frequency and fceq/2 and for frequencies in the interval fceq/2 < f < 0.9 fceq, where fceq is the cyclotron frequency mapped to the equator. Saturn chorus is observed over most local times, but is dominant on the nightside in the range of 4.5 < L <7.5, with minimum power at t. . .
Date: 10/2014 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 8415 - 8425 DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.1010.1002/2014JA020523 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jgra.v119.10http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014JA020523
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Authors: McKenna-Lawlor Susan
Title: Feasibility study of astronaut standardized career dose limits in LEO and the outlook for BLEO
Abstract: Cosmic Study Group SG 3.19/1.10 was established in February 2013 under the aegis of the International Academy of Astronautics to consider and compare the dose limits adopted by various space agencies for astronauts in Low Earth Orbit. A preliminary definition of the limits that might later be adopted by crews exploring Beyond Low Earth Orbit was, in addition, to be made. The present paper presents preliminary results of the study reported at a Symposium held in Turin by the Academy in July 2013. First, an account is provided of exposure limits assigned by various partner space agencies to those of their astronauts that work aboard the International Space Station. Then, gaps in the scientific and technical information required to safely implement human missions beyond the shielding provided. . .
Date: 11/2014 Publisher: Acta Astronautica Pages: 565 - 573 DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2014.07.011 Available at: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0094576514002549http://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S0094576514002549?httpAccept=text/xmlhttp://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S0094576514002549?httpAccept=text/plain
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Authors: McGee Timothy G, Shankar Uday J, and Kemp Brian L
Title: Analysis of Spinning Spacecraft with Wire Booms Part 2: Out-of-Plane Dynamics and Maneuvers
Abstract: An analysis of the dynamics for a spin stabilized spacecraft consisting of a rigid central hub with four long exible wire booms is presented. The analysis focuses on the dynamics out of the spin plane of the spacecraft. Companion papers will focus on the derivations of the full nonlinear dynamics and analysis of the in plane dynamics. A linear analysis is used to estimate the mode shapes of the free response of the system, the e ects of various damping mechanisms on these modes, and the dynamic response of the system to various maneuvers. The results of an independent simulation of the full nonlinear dynamics of the system are also provided to support the linear analysis. While the dynamics and analysis approach presented can be applied to the general class of spin stabilized space. . .
Date: 08/2009 Publisher: AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference DOI: 10.2514/6.2009-6203 Available at: http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/pdf/10.2514/6.2009-6203
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Authors: McCollough J. P., Quinn J. M., Starks M. J., and Johnston W R
Title: Intelligent Sampling of Hazardous Particle Populations in Resource-Constrained Environments
Abstract: Sampling of anomaly-causing space environment drivers is necessary for both real-time operations and satellite design efforts, and optimizing measurement sampling helps minimize resource demands. Relating these measurements to spacecraft anomalies requires the ability to resolve spatial and temporal variability in the energetic charged particle hazard of interest. Here we describe a method for sampling particle fluxes informed by magnetospheric phenomenology so that, along a given trajectory, the variations from both temporal dynamics and spatial structure are adequately captured while minimizing oversampling. We describe the coordinates, sampling method, and specific regions and parameters employed. We compare resulting sampling cadences with data from spacecraft spanning the regions of i. . .
Date: 10/2017 Publisher: Space Weather DOI: 10.1002/2017SW001629 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017SW001629/full
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Authors: McCarthy Michael P., Millan Robyn M., Sample John G., and Smith David M.
Title: Radiation belt losses observed from multiple stratospheric balloons over Antarctica
Abstract: Relativistic electrons, trapped by Earth's magnetic field, have received increasing attention since increasing numbers of commercial and research spacecraft traverse regions of high radiation flux. The Van Allen probes were launched into Earth's radiation belts in September 2012, making comprehensive measurements of charged particle fluxes and electromagnetic fields, with the objective of a better understanding of the processes that modulate radiation belt fluxes. Because losses of radiation belt electrons to Earth's atmosphere are very difficult to measure from high altitude spacecraft, a balloon-based program, consisting of campaigns in January 2013 and 2014, was funded to measure losses in conjunction with the Van Allen probes mission. We present results from both balloon campaigns, whi. . .
Date: 08/2014 Publisher: IEEE DOI: 10.1109/URSIGASS.2014.6929960 Available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6929960
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Authors: Mazur J E, O'Brien T P, Looper M D, and Blake J B
Title: Large anisotropies of >60 MeV protons throughout the inner belt observed with the Van Allen Probes mission
Abstract: We report large directional anisotropies of >60 MeV protons using instrumentation on the Van Allen Probes. The combination of a spinning satellite and measurements from the Relativistic Proton Spectrometer instruments that are insensitive to protons outside the instrument field of view together yield a new look at proton radial gradients. The relatively large proton gyroradius at 60 MeV couples with the radial gradients to produce large (maximum ~10:1) flux anisotropies depending on (i) whether the proton guiding center was above or below the Van Allen Probes spacecraft and (ii) the sign of the local flux gradient. In addition to these newly measured anisotropies, below ~2000 km we report a new effect of systematically changing minimum altitude on some proton drift shells that furthe. . .
Date: 06/2014 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 3738 - 3743 DOI: 10.1002/grl.v41.1110.1002/2014GL060029 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/grl.v41.11http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014GL060029
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Authors: Mazur J, Friesen L, Lin A, Mabry D, Katz N, et al.
Title: The Relativistic Proton Spectrometer (RPS) for the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission
Abstract: The Relativistic Proton Spectrometer (RPS) on the Radiation Belt Storm Probes spacecraft is a particle spectrometer designed to measure the flux, angular distribution, and energy spectrum of protons from ∼60 MeV to ∼2000 MeV. RPS will investigate decades-old questions about the inner Van Allen belt proton environment: a nearby region of space that is relatively unexplored because of the hazards of spacecraft operation there and the difficulties in obtaining accurate proton measurements in an intense penetrating background. RPS is designed to provide the accuracy needed to answer questions about the sources and losses of the inner belt protons and to obtain the measurements required for the next-generation models of trapped protons in the magnetosphere. In addition to detailed informati. . .
Date: 11/2013 Publisher: Space Science Reviews Pages: 221-261 DOI: 10.1007/s11214-012-9926-9 Available at: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11214-012-9926-9
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Authors: Maurer R H, and Goldsten J O
Title: The Van Allen Probes Engineering Radiation Monitor: Mission Radiation Environment and Effects
Abstract: The engineering radiation monitor (ERM) measures dose, dose rate, and charging currents on the Van Allen Probes mission to study the dynamics of Earth’s Van Allen radiation belts. Measurements from this monitor show a variation in dose rates with time, a correlation between the dosimeter and charging current data, a map of charging current versus orbit altitude, and a comparison of measured cumulative dose to prelaunch and postlaunch modeling. The measurement results and surveys of the radiation hardness for the spacecraft and science instrument electronics enable the team to predict the length of possible mission extensions. The ERM data have proved useful in investigations of two spacecraft anomalies.
Date: 07/2016 Publisher: Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest Pages: 183-193 DOI: N/A Available at: http://www.jhuapl.edu/techdigest/TD/td3303/33_03-Maurer.pdf
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Authors: Maurer Richard, Goldsten J O, Peplowski P N, Holmes-Siedle A G, Butler Michael, et al.
Title: Early Results from the Engineering Radiation Monitor (ERM) and Solar Cell Monitor on the Van Allen Probes Mission
Abstract: The Engineering Radiation Monitor (ERM) measures dose, dose rate and charging currents on the Van Allen Probes mission to study the dynamics of earth's Van Allen radiation belts. Early results from this monitor show a variation in dose rates with time, a correlation between the dosimeter and charging current data, a map of charging current versus orbit altitude and a comparison of cumulative dose to pre-launch modeling after 260 days. Solar cell degradation monitor patches track the decrease in solar array output as displacement damage accumulates.
Date: 11/2013 Publisher: IEEE DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2013.2281937 Available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6651707
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Authors: Maurer Richard H., Fretz Kristin, Angert Matthew P., Bort David L., Goldsten John O., et al.
Title: Radiation-Induced Single-Event Effects on the Van Allen Probes Spacecraft
Abstract: Electronic devices on the Van Allen Probes mission have experienced more than a thousand single-event effects (SEE) during the 4.5 years of transit through the inner and outer earth trapped radiation belts. The majority of these SEE have been due to trapped protons determined by the orbit timing and the dose rate response of the engineering radiation monitor. Fault tolerant systems engineering and spacecraft operation have enabled a successful mission to date without a safe mode or spacecraft emergency.
Date: 09/2017 Publisher: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science Pages: 2782 - 2793 DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2017.2754878 Available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8047305/http://xplorestaging.ieee.org/ielx7/23/8106918/08047305.pdf?arnumber=8047305
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Authors: Maurer Richard, Goldsten John, Peplowski Patrick, Holmes-Siedle Andrew, Butler Michael, et al.
Title: Early Results From the Engineering Radiation Monitor (ERM) and Solar Cell Monitor on the Van Allen Probes Mission
Abstract: The Engineering Radiation Monitor (ERM) measures dose, dose rate and charging currents on the Van Allen Probes mission to study the dynamics of earth's Van Allen radiation belts. Early results from this monitor show a variation in dose rates with time, a correlation between the dosimeter and charging current data, a map of charging current versus orbit altitude and a comparison of cumulative dose to pre-launch modeling after 260 days. Solar cell degradation monitor patches track the decrease in solar array output as displacement damage accumulates.
Date: Jan-12-2013 Publisher: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science Pages: 4053 - 4058 DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2013.2281937 Available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/lpdocs/epic03/wrapper.htm?arnumber=6651707
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Authors: Maurer R H, Goldsten J O, Butler M. H., and Fretz K.
Title: Five Year Results from the Engineering Radiation Monitor (ERM) and Solar Cell Monitor on the Van Allen Probes Mission
Abstract: The Engineering Radiation Monitor (ERM) measures dose, dose rate and charging currents on the Van Allen Probes mission to study the dynamics of Earth's Van Allen radiation belts. Over five years, results from this monitor show a variation in dose rates with time, a correlation between the dosimeter and charging current data and a comparison of cumulative dose to pre‐launch modeling. Solar cell degradation monitor patches track the decrease in solar array output as displacement damage accumulates. The Solar Cell Monitor shows ~33% cumulative degradation in maximum power after 5.1 years of the mission. The desire to extend the mission to ~2500 days from 800 days created increased requirements for the ionizing radiation hardness of spacecraft and science instrument electronics. We describe . . .
Date: 09/2018 Publisher: Space Weather DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001910 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018SW001910
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Authors: Mauk B H
Title: Analysis of EMIC-wave-moderated flux limitation of measured energetic ion spectra in multispecies magnetospheric plasmas
Abstract: A differential Kennel-Petschek (KP) flux limit for magnetospheric energetic ions is devised taking into account multiple ion species effects on electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves that scatter the ions. The idea is that EMIC waves may limit the highest ion intensities during acceleration phases of storms and substorms (~ hour) while other mechanisms (e.g., charge exchange) may account for losses below those limits and over longer periods of time. This approach is applied to published Earth magnetosphere energetic ion spectra (~ keV to ~1 MeV) for radial positions (L) 3 to 6.7 RE. The flatness of the most intense spectral shapes for <100 keV indicate sculpting by just such a mechanism, but modifications of traditional KP parameters are needed to account for maximum fluxes up to 5. . .
Date: 08/2013 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 3804 - 3808 DOI: 10.1002/grl.50789 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/grl.50789
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Authors: Mauk B H, Blake J B, Baker D N, Clemmons J. H., Reeves G D, et al.
Title: The Energetic Particle Detector (EPD) Investigation and the Energetic Ion Spectrometer (EIS) for the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Mission
Abstract: The Energetic Particle Detector (EPD) Investigation is one of 5 fields-and-particles investigations on the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission. MMS comprises 4 spacecraft flying in close formation in highly elliptical, near-Earth-equatorial orbits targeting understanding of the fundamental physics of the important physical process called magnetic reconnection using Earth’s magnetosphere as a plasma laboratory. EPD comprises two sensor types, the Energetic Ion Spectrometer (EIS) with one instrument on each of the 4 spacecraft, and the Fly’s Eye Energetic Particle Spectrometer (FEEPS) with 2 instruments on each of the 4 spacecraft. EIS measures energetic ion energy, angle and elemental compositional distributions from a required low energy limit of 20 keV for protons and 45 keV for o. . .
Date: 06/2014 Publisher: Space Science Reviews DOI: 10.1007/s11214-014-0055-5 Available at: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11214-014-0055-5http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11214-014-0055-5
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Authors: Mauk Barry H., Sibeck David G., and Kessel Ramona L.
Title: Journal Special Collection Explores Early Results From the Van Allen Probes Mission
Abstract: The processes governing the charged particle populations in the radiation belts encircling Earth have been the subject of intense interest and increasing concern since their discovery by James Van Allen and his team more than 50 years ago [Baker et al., 2013]. Intense interest continues because we still do not know how the various processes work in concert to enhance, remove, and transport particle radiation. Concern is ongoing because the Van Allen radiation belts pose hazards to astronauts and our ever-growing fleet of spacecraft with increasingly sensitive components.
Date: 04/2014 Publisher: Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union Pages: 112 - 112 DOI: 10.1002/eost.v95.1310.1002/2014EO130007 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/eost.v95.13http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014EO130007
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Authors: Mauk B H
Title: Comparative Investigation of the Energetic Ion Spectra Comprising the Magnetospheric Ring Currents of the Solar System
Abstract: Investigated here are factors that control the intensities and shapes of energetic ion spectra that make up the ring current populations of the strongly magnetized planets of the solar system, specifically those of Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Following a previous and similar comparative investigation of radiation belt electrons, we here turn our attention to ions. Specifically, we examine the possible role of the differential ion Kennel-Petschek limit, as moderated by Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron (EMIC) waves, as a standard for comparing the most intense ion spectra within the strongly magnetized planetary magnetospheres. In carrying out this investigation, the substantial complexities engendered by the very different ion composition distributions of these diverse magneto. . .
Date: 11/2014 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020392 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014JA020392
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Authors: Mauk B H, Fox N J, Kanekal S G, Kessel R L, Sibeck D G, et al.
Title: Science Objectives and Rationale for the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission
Abstract: The NASA Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) mission addresses how populations of high energy charged particles are created, vary, and evolve in space environments, and specifically within Earth’s magnetically trapped radiation belts. RBSP, with a nominal launch date of August 2012, comprises two spacecraft making in situ measurements for at least 2 years in nearly the same highly elliptical, low inclination orbits (1.1×5.8 RE, 10∘). The orbits are slightly different so that 1 spacecraft laps the other spacecraft about every 2.5 months, allowing separation of spatial from temporal effects over spatial scales ranging from ∼0.1 to 5 RE. The uniquely comprehensive suite of instruments, identical on the two spacecraft, measures all of the particle (electrons, ions, ion composition), fiel. . .
Date: 11/2013 Publisher: Space Science Reviews Pages: 3-27, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-012-9908-y Available at: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11214-012-9908-y
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Authors: Matsui H., Torbert R B, Spence H E, Argall M. R., Alm L., et al.
Title: Relativistic electron increase during chorus wave activities on the 6-8 March 2016 geomagnetic storm
Abstract: There was a geomagnetic storm on 6–8 March 2016, in which Van Allen Probes A and B separated by ∼2.5 h measured increase of relativistic electrons with energies ∼ several hundred keV to 1 MeV. Simultaneously, chorus waves were measured by both Van Allen Probes and Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission. Some of the chorus elements were rising-tones, possibly due to nonlinear effects. These measurements are compared with a nonlinear theory of chorus waves incorporating the inhomogeneity ratio and the field equation. From this theory, a chorus wave profile in time and one-dimensional space is simulated. Test particle calculations are then performed in order to examine the energization rate of electrons. Some electrons are accelerated, although more electrons are decelerated. The measu. . .
Date: 10/2017 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024540 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017JA024540/full
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Authors: Matsui H., Paulson K. W., Torbert R B, Spence H E, Kletzing C A, et al.
Title: Nonlinearity in chorus waves during a geomagnetic storm on 1 November 2012
Abstract: In this study, we investigate the possibility of nonlinearity in chorus waves during a geomagnetic storm on 1 November 2012. The data we use were measured by the Van Allen Probe B. Wave data and plasma sheet electron data are analyzed. Chorus waves were frequently measured in the morning side during the main phase of this storm. Large-amplitude chorus waves were seen of the order of ∼0.6 nT and >7 mV/m, which are similar to or larger than the typical ULF waves. The waves quite often consist of rising tones during the burst sampling. Since the rising tone is known as a signature of nonlinearity, a large portion of the waves are regarded as nonlinear at least during the burst sampling periods. These results underline the importance of nonlinearity in the dynamics of chorus waves. We furthe. . .
Date: 01/2016 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021772 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015JA021772
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Authors: Matsuda Shoya, Kasahara Yoshiya, and Kletzing Craig A.
Title: Variation in crossover frequency of EMIC waves in plasmasphere estimated from ion cyclotron whistler waves observed by Van Allen Probe A
Abstract: We report variations in the propagation of the H+ band ion cyclotron whistlers observed by Van Allen Probe A. Ion cyclotron whistlers are one of the EMIC (electromagnetic ion cyclotron) waves generated by mode conversion from lightning whistlers. Crossover frequency is an important frequency for the ion cyclotron whistlers, which is a function of the variations in the local heavy-ion composition. We surveyed waveform data obtained by the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument and Integrated Science instrument and found that 3461 H+ band ion cyclotron whistlers were observed from 572 km to 5992 km in altitude. The main finding is that the crossover frequencies of the observed events decreased with increasing altitude. These results support the hypothesis that the total heavy-ion density dec. . .
Date: 01/2016 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 28 - 34 DOI: 10.1002/2015GL066893 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015GL066893
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Authors: Martinez-Calderon Claudia, Shiokawa Kazuo, Miyoshi Yoshizumi, Keika Kunihiro, Ozaki Mitsunori, et al.
Title: ELF/VLF wave propagation at subauroral latitudes: Conjugate observation between the ground and Van Allen Probes A
Abstract: We report simultaneous observation of ELF/VLF emissions, showing similar spectral and frequency features, between a VLF receiver at Athabasca (ATH), Canada, (L = 4.3) and Van Allen Probes A (Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) A). Using a statistical database from 1 November 2012 to 31 October 2013, we compared a total of 347 emissions observed on the ground with observations made by RBSP in the magnetosphere. On 25 February 2013, from 12:46 to 13:39 UT in the dawn sector (04–06 magnetic local time (MLT)), we observed a quasiperiodic (QP) emission centered at 4 kHz, and an accompanying short pulse lasting less than a second at 4.8 kHz in the dawn sector (04–06 MLT). RBSP A wave data showed both emissions as right-hand polarized with their Poynting vector earthward to the Northern Hemisp. . .
Date: 06/2016 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 5384 - 5393 DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.610.1002/2015JA022264 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015JA022264
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Authors: Mann Ian R., and Ozeke Louis G.
Title: How quickly, how deeply, and how strongly can dynamical outer boundary conditions impact Van Allen radiation belt morphology?
Abstract: Here we examine the speed, strength, and depth of the coupling between dynamical variations of ultrarelativistic electron flux at the outer boundary and that in the heart of the outer radiation belt. Using ULF wave radial diffusion as an exemplar, we show how changing boundary conditions can completely change belt morphology even under conditions of identical wave power. In the case of ULF wave radial diffusion, the temporal dynamics of a new source population or a sink of electron flux at the outer plasma sheet boundary can generate a completely opposite response which reaches deep into the belt under identical ULF wave conditions. Very significantly, here we show that such coupling can occur on timescales much faster than previously thought. We show that even on timescales ~1 h, change. . .
Date: 06/2016 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 5553 - 5558 DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.610.1002/2016JA022647 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2016JA022647
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Authors: Mann I. R., Ozeke L. G., Morley S. K., Murphy K. R., Claudepierre S G, et al.
Title: Reply to 'The dynamics of Van Allen belts revisited'
Abstract: N/A
Date: 02/2019 Publisher: Nature Physics Pages: 103 - 104 DOI: 10.1038/nphys4351 Available at: http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nphys4351
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Authors: Mann I. R., Usanova M. E., Murphy K., Robertson M. T., Milling D. K., et al.
Title: Spatial localization and ducting of EMIC waves: Van Allen Probes and ground-based observations
Abstract: On 11 October 2012, during the recovery phase of a moderate geomagnetic storm, an extended interval (> 18 h) of continuous electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves was observed by Canadian Array for Real-time Investigations of Magnetic Activity and Solar-Terrestrial Environment Program induction coil magnetometers in North America. At around 14:15 UT, both Van Allen Probes B and A (65° magnetic longitude apart) in conjunction with the ground array observed very narrow (ΔL ~ 0.1–0.4) left-hand polarized EMIC emission confined to regions of mass density gradients at the outer edge of the plasmasphere at L ~ 4. EMIC waves were seen with complex polarization patterns on the ground, in good agreement with model results from Woodroffe and Lysak (2012) and consistent with Earth's . . .
Date: 02/2014 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 785 - 792 DOI: 10.1002/2013GL058581 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2013GL058581
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Authors: Mann Ian R., Lee E. A., Claudepierre S G, Fennell J. F., Degeling A., et al.
Title: Discovery of the action of a geophysical synchrotron in the Earth’s Van Allen radiation belts
Abstract: Although the Earth’s Van Allen radiation belts were discovered over 50 years ago, the dominant processes responsible for relativistic electron acceleration, transport and loss remain poorly understood. Here we show evidence for the action of coherent acceleration due to resonance with ultra-low frequency waves on a planetary scale. Data from the CRRES probe, and from the recently launched multi-satellite NASA Van Allen Probes mission, with supporting modeling, collectively show coherent ultra-low frequency interactions which high energy resolution data reveals are far more common than either previously thought or observed. The observed modulations and energy-dependent spatial structure indicate a mode of action analogous to a geophysical synchrotron; this new mode of response represents . . .
Date: 11/2013 Publisher: Nature Communications DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3795 Available at: http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/ncomms3795
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Authors: Mann I. R., Ozeke L. G., Murphy K. R., Claudepierre S G, Turner D. L., et al.
Title: Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt
Abstract: Since the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts over 50 years ago, an explanation for their complete dynamics has remained elusive. Especially challenging is understanding the recently discovered ultra-relativistic third electron radiation belt. Current theory asserts that loss in the heart of the outer belt, essential to the formation of the third belt, must be controlled by high-frequency plasma wave–particle scattering into the atmosphere, via whistler mode chorus, plasmaspheric hiss, or electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves. However, this has failed to accurately reproduce the third belt. Using a datadriven, time-dependent specification of ultra-low-frequency (ULF) waves we show for the first time how the third radiation belt is established as a simple, elegant consequence o. . .
Date: 06/2016 Publisher: Nature Physics DOI: 10.1038/nphys3799 Available at: http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nphys3799
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Authors: Maldonado Armando A., Chen Lunjin, Claudepierre Seth G., Bortnik Jacob, Thorne Richard M, et al.
Title: Electron butterfly distribution modulation by magnetosonic waves
Abstract: The butterfly pitch angle distribution is observed as a dip in an otherwise normal distribution of electrons centered about αeq=90°. During storm times, the formation of the butterfly distribution on the nightside magnetosphere has been attributed to L shell splitting combined with magnetopause shadowing and strong positive radial flux gradients. It has been shown that this distribution can be caused by combined chorus and magnetosonic wave scattering where the two waves work together but at different local times. Presented in our study is an event on 21 August 2013, using Van Allen Probe measurements, where a butterfly distribution formation is modulated by local magnetosonic coherent magnetosonic waves intensity. Transition from normal to butterfly distributions coincides with rising m. . .
Date: 04/2016 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2016GL068161 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2016GL068161http://api.wiley.com/onlinelibrary/tdm/v1/articles/10.1002%2F2016GL068161http://api.wiley.com/onlinelibrary/chorus/v1/articles/10.1002%2F2016GL068161
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Authors: Malaspina David M., Ripoll Jean-Francois, Chu Xiangning, Hospodarsky George, and Wygant John
Title: Variation in Plasmaspheric Hiss Wave Power With Plasma Density
Abstract: Plasmaspheric hiss waves are commonly observed in the inner magnetosphere. These waves efficiently scatter electrons, facilitating their precipitation into the atmosphere. Predictive inner magnetosphere simulations often model hiss waves using parameterized empirical maps of observed hiss power. These maps nearly always include parameterization by magnetic L value. In this work, data from the Van Allen Probes are used to compare variation in hiss wave power with variation in both L value and cold plasma density. It is found that for L> 2.5, plasmaspheric hiss wave power increases with plasma density. For L> 3, this increase is stronger and occurs regardless of L value and for all local times. This result suggests that the current paradigm for parameterizing hiss wave power in many magnetos. . .
Date: 09/2018 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078564 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018GL078564
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Authors: Malaspina David M., Jaynes Allison N., é Cory, Bortnik Jacob, Thaller Scott A., et al.
Title: The distribution of plasmaspheric hiss wave power with respect to plasmapause location
Abstract: In this work, Van Allen Probes data are used to derive terrestrial plasmaspheric hiss wave power distributions organized by (1) distance away from the plasmapause and (2) plasmapause distance from Earth. This approach is in contrast to the traditional organization of hiss wave power by L parameter and geomagnetic activity. Plasmapause-sorting reveals previously unreported and highly repeatable features of the hiss wave power distribution, including a regular spatial distribution of hiss power with respect to the plasmapause, a standoff distance between peak hiss power and the plasmapause, and frequency-dependent spatial localization of hiss. Identification and quantification of these features can provide insight into hiss generation and propagation and will facilitate improved parameteriza. . .
Date: 08/2016 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 7878 - 7886 DOI: 10.1002/2016GL069982 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2016GL069982
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Authors: Malaspina D. M., Andersson L., Ergun R. E., Wygant J R, Bonnell J W, et al.
Title: Nonlinear Electric Field Structures in the Inner Magnetosphere
Abstract: Van Allen Probes observations are presented which demonstrate the presence of nonlinear electric field structures in the inner terrestrial magnetosphere (< 6 RE). A range of structures are observed, including phase space holes and double layers.These structures are observed over several Earth radii in radial distance and over a wide range of magnetic local times. They are observed in the dusk, midnight, and dawn sectors, with the highest concentration pre-midnight. Some nonlinear electric field structures are observed to coincide with dipolarizations of the magnetic field and increases in electron energy flux for energies between 1 keV and 30 keV. Nonlinear electric field structures possess isolated impulsive electric fields, often with a significant component parallel to the ambient m. . .
Date: 08/2014 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2014GL061109 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014GL061109
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Authors: Malaspina D. M., Ergun R. E., Sturner A., Wygant J R, Bonnell J W, et al.
Title: Chorus waves and spacecraft potential fluctuations: Evidence for wave-enhanced photoelectron escape
Abstract: Chorus waves are important for electron energization and loss in Earth's radiation belts and inner magnetosphere. Because the amplitude and spatial distribution of chorus waves can be strongly influenced by plasma density fluctuations and spacecraft floating potential can be a diagnostic of plasma density, the relationship between measured potential and chorus waves is examined using Van Allen Probes data. While measured potential and chorus wave electric fields correlate strongly, potential fluctuation properties are found not to be consistent with plasma density fluctuations on the timescales of individual chorus wave packets. Instead, potential fluctuations are consistent with enhanced photoelectron escape driven by chorus wave electric fields. Enhanced photoelectron escape may result i. . .
Date: 01/2014 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters Pages: 236 - 243 DOI: 10.1002/2013GL058769 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2013GL058769
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Authors: Malaspina David M., Ukhorskiy Aleksandr, Chu Xiangning, and Wygant John
Title: A census of plasma waves and structures associated with an injection front in the inner magnetosphere
Abstract: Now that observations have conclusively established that the inner magnetosphere is abundantly populated with kinetic electric field structures and nonlinear waves, attention has turned to quantifying the ability of these structures and waves to scatter and accelerate inner magnetospheric plasma populations. A necessary step in that quantification is determining the distribution of observed structure and wave properties (e.g. occurrence rates, amplitudes, spatial scales). Kinetic structures and nonlinear waves have broadband signatures in frequency space and consequently, high resolution time domain electric and magnetic field data is required to uniquely identify such structures and waves as well as determine their properties. However, most high resolution fields data is collected with a . . .
Date: 02/2018 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2017JA025005 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017JA025005/full
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Authors: Malaspina David M., Wygant John R., Ergun Robert E., Reeves Geoff D., Skoug Ruth M., et al.
Title: Electric field structures and waves at plasma boundaries in the inner magnetosphere
Abstract: Recent observations by the Van Allen Probes spacecraft have demonstrated that a variety of electric field structures and nonlinear waves frequently occur in the inner terrestrial magnetosphere, including phase space holes, kinetic field line resonances, nonlinear whistler mode waves, and several types of double layer. However, it is unclear whether such structures and waves have a significant impact on the dynamics of the inner magnetosphere, including the radiation belts and ring current. To make progress toward quantifying their importance, this study statistically evaluates the correlation of such structures and waves with plasma boundaries. A strong correlation is found. These statistical results, combined with observations of electric field activity at propagating plasma boundaries, a. . .
Date: 05/2015 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021137 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015JA021137
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Authors: Malaspina David M., Claudepierre Seth G., Takahashi Kazue, Jaynes Allison N., Elkington Scot R, et al.
Title: Kinetic Alfvén Waves and Particle Response Associated with a Shock-Induced, Global ULF Perturbation of the Terrestrial Magnetosphere
Abstract: On 2 October 2013, the arrival of an interplanetary shock compressed the Earth's magnetosphere and triggered a global ULF (ultra low frequency) oscillation. The Van Allen Probe B spacecraft observed this large-amplitude ULF wave in situ with both magnetic and electric field data. Broadband waves up to approximately 100 Hz were observed in conjunction with, and modulated by, this ULF wave. Detailed analysis of fields and particle data reveals that these broadband waves are Doppler-shifted kinetic Alfvén waves. This event suggests that magnetospheric compression by interplanetary shocks can induce abrupt generation of kinetic Alfvén waves over large portions of the inner magnetosphere, potentially driving previously unconsidered wave-particle interactions throughout the inner magnetosphere. . .
Date: 11/2015 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2015GL065935 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015GL065935http://api.wiley.com/onlinelibrary/tdm/v1/articles/10.1002%2F2015GL065935
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Authors: Malaspina David M., Jaynes Allison N, Hospodarsky George, Bortnik Jacob, Ergun Robert E, et al.
Title: Statistical Properties of Low Frequency Plasmaspheric Hiss
Abstract: Plasmaspheric hiss is an important wave mode for the dynamics of inner terrestrial magnetosphere plasma populations. It acts to scatter high energy electrons out of trapped orbits about Earth and into the atmosphere, defining the inner edge of the radiation belts over a range of energies. A low-frequency component of hiss was recently identified and is important for its ability to interact with higher energy electrons compared to typically considered hiss frequencies. This study compares the statistical properties of low and high frequency plasmaspheric hiss in the terrestrial magnetosphere, demonstrating that they are statistically distinct wave populations. Low frequency hiss shows different behavior in frequency space, different spatial localization (in magnetic local time and radial di. . .
Date: 07/2017 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024328 Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017JA024328/full
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Authors: Makela Jonathan J., Harding Brian J., Meriwether John W., Mesquita Rafael, Sanders Samuel, et al.
Title: Storm time response of the mid-latitude thermosphere: Observations from a network of Fabry-Perot interferometers
Abstract: Observations of thermospheric neutral winds and temperatures obtained during a geomagnetic storm on 2 October 2013 from a network of six Fabry-Perot interferometers (FPIs) deployed in the midwest United States are presented. Coincident with the commencement of the storm, the apparent horizontal wind is observed to surge westward and southward (towards the equator). Simultaneous to this surge in the apparent horizontal winds, an apparent downward wind of approximately 100 m/s lasting for 6 hours is observed. The apparent neutral temperature is observed to increase by approximately 400 K over all of the sites. Observations from an all-sky imaging system operated at the Millstone Hill observatory indicate the presence of a stable auroral red (SAR) arc and diffuse red aurora during this . . .
Date: 08/2014 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2014JA019832 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014JA019832
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Authors: Mager Olga V., Chelpanov Maksim A., Mager Pavel N., Klimushkin Dmitri Yu., and Berngardt Oleg I.
Title: Conjugate Ionosphere‐Magnetosphere Observations of a Sub‐Alfvénic Compressional Intermediate‐ m Wave: A Case Study Using EKB Radar and Van Allen Probes
Abstract: A Pc5 wave was simultaneously observed in the ionosphere by EKB radar and in the magnetosphere by both Van Allen Probe spacecraft within a substorm activity. The wave was located in the nightside, in 1.5‐ to 3‐hr magnetic local time sector, and in the region corresponding to the magnetic shells with maximal distances 4.6–7.8 Earth's radii. As it was found using both the radar and spacecraft data, the wave had frequency of about 1.8 mHz and azimuthal wave number m≈−10; that is, the wave was westward propagating. The EKB radar data revealed the equatorward wave propagating in the ionosphere, which corresponded to the earthward propagation in the magnetosphere. Furthermore, the field‐aligned magnetic component was approximately 2 times larger than both transverse components and ac. . .
Date: 05/2019 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026541 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2019JA026541
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Authors: Mager Pavel N., Mikhailova Olga S., Mager Olga V., and Klimushkin Dmitri Yu.
Title: Eigenmodes of the transverse Alfvénic resonator at the plasmapause: a Van Allen Probes case study
Abstract: A Pc4 ULF wave was detected at spacecraft B of the Van Allen Probes at the plasmapause. A distinctive feature of this wave is the strong periodical modulation of the wave. It is assumed that this modulation is a beating of oscillations close in frequency: at least two harmonics with frequencies of 15.3 and 13.6 MHz are found. It is shown that these harmonics can be the eigenmodes of the transverse resonator at the local maximum of the Alfvén velocity. In addition, the observed wave was in a drift resonance with energetic 80 keV protons and could be generated by an unstable “bump on tail” distribution of protons simultaneously observed with the wave. The estimate of the azimuthal wave number m made from the drift resonance condition gives a value of about −100, i.e., it is a westward. . .
Date: 09/2018 Publisher: Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1029/2018GL079596 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018GL079596
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