Chorus Wave Modulation of Langmuir Waves in the Radiation Belts

TitleChorus Wave Modulation of Langmuir Waves in the Radiation Belts
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsLi, J, Bortnik, J, An, X, Li, W, Thorne, RM, Zhou, M, Kurth, WS, Hospodarsky, GB, Funsten, HO, Spence, HE
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Pagination11,713 - 11,721
Date Published12/2017
KeywordsChorus wave; Landau resonance; Langmuir wave; nonlinear interaction; Radiation belt; Van Allen Probes; wave modulation
AbstractUsing high-resolution waveforms measured by the Van Allen Probes, we report a novel observation in the radiation belts. Namely, we show that multiband, discrete, rising-tone whistler mode chorus emissions exhibit a one-to-one correlation with Langmuir wave bursts. Moreover, the periodic Langmuir wave bursts are generally observed at the phase location where the chorus wave E|| component is oriented opposite to its propagation direction. The electron measurements show a beam in phase space density at the particle velocity that matches the parallel phase velocity of the chorus waves. Based on this evidence, we conclude that the chorus waves accelerate the suprathermal electrons via Landau resonance and generate a localized electron beam in phase space density. Consequently, the Langmuir waves are excited locally and are modulated by the chorus wave phase. This microscale interaction between chorus waves and high-frequency electrostatic waves provides a new insight into the nonlinear wave-particle interaction process.
Short TitleGeophys. Res. Lett.

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