Plasma anisotropies and currents in the near-Earth plasma sheet and inner magnetosphere

TitlePlasma anisotropies and currents in the near-Earth plasma sheet and inner magnetosphere
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsArtemyev, AV, Zhang, X-J, Angelopoulos, V, Runov, A, Spence, HE, Larsen, BA
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Date Published06/2018
Keywordsinjections; inner magnetosphere; plasma currents; plasma sheet; Van Allen Probes
AbstractThe region occupying radial distances of ∼3 − 9 Earth radii (RE) in the night side, includes the near‐Earth plasma sheet with stretched magnetic field lines and the inner magnetosphere with strong dipolar magnetic field. In this region, the plasma flow energy, which was injected into the inner magnetosphere from the magnetotail, is converted to particle heating and electromagnetic wave generation. These important processes are controlled by plasma anisotropies, which are the focus of this study. Using measurements of THEMIS and Van Allen Probes in this transition region we obtain radial profiles of ion and electron temperatures and anisotropies for various geomagnetic activity levels. Ion and electron anisotropies vary with the geomagnetic activity in opposite directions. Parallel anisotropic ions are observed together with transversely anisotropic electrons, whereas the change of ion anisotropy from parallel to transverse (with increasing Kp) is accompanied by the electron anisotropy changing from transverse to parallel. Based on plasma anisotropy observations, we estimate that the anisotropy‐related currents (curvature currents) are about 10 − 20% of the diamagnetic currents.
URLhttps://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA025232
DOI10.1029/2018JA025232
Short TitleJ. Geophys. Res. Space Physics


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