Conjugate Ionosphere‐Magnetosphere Observations of a Sub‐Alfvénic Compressional Intermediate‐ <i>m</i> Wave: A Case Study Using EKB Radar and Van Allen Probes

TitleConjugate Ionosphere‐Magnetosphere Observations of a Sub‐Alfvénic Compressional Intermediate‐ m Wave: A Case Study Using EKB Radar and Van Allen Probes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMager, OV, Chelpanov, MA, Mager, PN, Klimushkin, DYu., Berngardt, OI
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Date Published05/2019
ISSN2169-9380
Keywordscompressional waves; Pc5; poloidal waves; SUPERDARN; ULF waves; Van Allen Probes
AbstractA Pc5 wave was simultaneously observed in the ionosphere by EKB radar and in the magnetosphere by both Van Allen Probe spacecraft within a substorm activity. The wave was located in the nightside, in 1.5‐ to 3‐hr magnetic local time sector, and in the region corresponding to the magnetic shells with maximal distances 4.6–7.8 Earth's radii. As it was found using both the radar and spacecraft data, the wave had frequency of about 1.8 mHz and azimuthal wave number m≈−10; that is, the wave was westward propagating. The EKB radar data revealed the equatorward wave propagating in the ionosphere, which corresponded to the earthward propagation in the magnetosphere. Furthermore, the field‐aligned magnetic component was approximately 2 times larger than both transverse components and accompanied by antiphase pressure oscillations; that is, the wave is compressional and diamagnetic. According to both radar and spacecraft measurements, among two transverse magnetic components, the dominant one was the poloidal. The wave was possibly driven by substorm‐injected energetic protons registered by the spacecraft: the proton fluxes were modulated with the wave frequency at energies of about 90 keV, which corresponded to the energy of the drift wave‐particle resonance. The wave frequency was much lower than the minimal frequency of the field line resonance calculated using the spacecraft data. We conclude that the wave is not the Alfvén mode, but some kind of compressional wave, for example, the drift‐compressional mode.
URLhttps://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2019JA026541
DOI10.1029/2019JA026541
Short TitleJ. Geophys. Res. Space Physics


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