In situ observations of Pc1 pearl pulsations by the Van Allen Probes

TitleIn situ observations of Pc1 pearl pulsations by the Van Allen Probes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPaulson, KW, Smith, CW, Lessard, MR, Engebretson, MJ, Torbert, RB, Kletzing, CA
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Pagination1823 - 1829
Date Published04/2014
KeywordsVan Allen Probes
AbstractWe present in situ observations of Pc1 pearl pulsations using the Van Allen Probes. These waves are often observed using ground-based magnetometers, but are rarely observed by orbiting satellites. With the Van Allen Probes, we have seen at least 14 different pearl pulsation events during the first year of operations. These new in situ measurements allow us to identify the wave classification based on local magnetic field conditions. Additionally, by using two spacecraft, we are able to observe temporal changes in the region of observation. The waves appear to be generated at an overall central frequency, as often observed on the ground, and change polarization from left- to right-handedness as they propagate into a region where they are resonant with the crossover frequency (where R- and L-mode waves have the same phase velocity). By combining both in situ and ground-based data, we have found that the region satisfying electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave generation conditions is azimuthally large while radially narrow. The observation of a similar modulation period on the ground as in the magnetosphere contradicts the bouncing wave packet mechanism of generation.
Short TitleGeophys. Res. Lett.

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