Experimental evidence of drift compressional waves in the magnetosphere: an Ekaterinburg coherent decameter radar case study

TitleExperimental evidence of drift compressional waves in the magnetosphere: an Ekaterinburg coherent decameter radar case study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsChelpanov, MA, Mager, PN, Klimushkin, DYu., Berngardt, OI, Mager, OV
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Paginationn/a - n/a
Date Published02/2016
Keywordskinetic instabilities; ULF waves
AbstractA case study of shortwave radar observations of magnetospheric Pc5 ULF waves (wave periods of 150–600 s) that occurred on 26 December 2014 in the nightside magnetosphere during substorm activity is presented. The radar study of waves in the magnetosphere is based on analysis of scattering from field-aligned irregularities of the ionospheric F layer. Variations of their inline image drift velocity at F layer heights are associated with the wave electric field. Analysis of the observations from the Ekaterinburg (EKB) radar shows that the frequency f of the observed wave depends on the azimuthal wave number m (positive correlation of about 0.90): an increase in frequency from 2.5 to 5 mHz corresponds to increased m number from 20 to 80. Of the known types of waves in the magnetosphere corresponding to the Pc5 range, only drift compressional waves have such azimuthal dispersion: the frequency of the drift compressional mode is directly proportional to the azimuthal wave number and the gradient-curvature drift velocity of energetic particles in the magnetic field. This wave has a kinetic nature and represents the most common kind of the compressional modes, demanding for its existence only finite pressure and plasma inhomogeneity across magnetic shells.
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015JA022155/full
DOI10.1002/2015JA022155
Short TitleJ. Geophys. Res. Space Physics


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