Charged particle behavior in the growth and damping stages of ultralow frequency waves: theory and Van Allen Probes observations

TitleCharged particle behavior in the growth and damping stages of ultralow frequency waves: theory and Van Allen Probes observations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsZhou, X-Z, Wang, Z-H, Zong, Q-G, Rankin, R, Kivelson, MG, Chen, X-R, J. Blake, B, Wygant, JR, Kletzing, CA
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Paginationn/a - n/a
Date Published03/2016
Keywordsdrift resonance; Radiation belt; ULF waves; Van Allen Probes; wave growth and damping; wave-particle interaction
AbstractUltralow frequency (ULF) electromagnetic waves in Earth's magnetosphere can accelerate charged particles via a process called drift resonance. In the conventional drift-resonance theory, a default assumption is that the wave growth rate is time-independent, positive, and extremely small. However, this is not the case for ULF waves in the real magnetosphere. The ULF waves must have experienced an earlier growth stage when their energy was taken from external and/or internal sources, and as time proceeds the waves have to be damped with a negative growth rate. Therefore, a more generalized theory on particle behavior during different stages of ULF wave evolution is required. In this paper, we introduce a time-dependent imaginary wave frequency to accommodate the growth and damping of the waves in the drift-resonance theory, so that the wave-particle interactions during the entire wave lifespan can be studied. We then predict from the generalized theory particle signatures during different stages of the wave evolution, which are consistent with observations from Van Allen Probes. The more generalized theory, therefore, provides new insights into ULF wave evolution and wave-particle interactions in the magnetosphere.
URLhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2016JA022447http://api.wiley.com/onlinelibrary/tdm/v1/articles/10.1002%2F2016JA022447
DOI10.1002/2016JA022447
Short TitleJ. Geophys. Res. Space Physics


Page Last Modified: April 20, 2016