Found 4 entries in the Bibliography.

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Formation of the mass density peak at the magnetospheric equator triggered by EMIC waves

Abstract We report a simultaneous observation of two band electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves and toroidal Alfvén waves by the Van Allen Probe mission. Through wave frequency analyses, the mass density ρ is found to be locally peaked at the magnetic equator. Perpendicular fluxes of ions (< 100 eV) increase simultaneously with the appearances of EMIC waves, indicating a heating of these ions by EMIC waves. In addition, the measured ion distributions also support the equatorial peak formation, which accords with the r ...

Xue, Zuxiang; Yuan, Zhigang; Yu, Xiongdong; Shiyong, Huang; Qiao, Zheng;

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Toroidal Alfven waves; EMIC waves; magnetoseismology; equatorial mass density peak; Van Allen Probes

Global distribution of reversed energy spectra of ring current protons based on Van Allen Probes observations

Abstract Energy spectra of ring current protons are crucial to understanding the ring current dynamics. Based on high-quality Van Allen Probes RBSPICE measurements, we investigate the global distribution of the reversed proton energy spectra using the 2013-2019 RBSPICE datasets. The reversed proton energy spectra are characterized by the distinct flux minima around 50 - 100 keV and flux maxima around 200 - 400 keV. Our results show that the reversed proton energy spectrum is prevalent inside the plasmasphere, with the occurr ...

Juan, Yi; Song, Fu; Binbin, Ni; Xudong, Gu; Hua, Man; Xiang, Zheng; Cao, Xing; Shi, Run; Zhao, Yiwen;

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Van Allen Probes


Prompt emergence and disappearance of EMIC waves driven by the sequentially enhanced solar wind dynamic pressure

Van Allen Probes (VAPs) and multiple ground-based stations simultaneously observed prompt emergences and disappearances of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves driven by the sequentially enhanced solar wind dynamic pressure in the dayside inner magnetosphere on 6 November 2015. The measured hot protons (> 60 keV) display enhancements of perpendicular temperature during compressions, which provides sufficient temperature anisotropies for the EMIC wave generation so that the calculated linear growth rate also agrees well ...

Xue, Zuxiang; Yuan, Zhigang; Yu, Xiongdong;

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

EMIC wave; solar wind dynamic pressure; Magnetospheric compression; Multipoint observations; Van Allen Probes


Characteristics of high energy proton responses to geomagnetic activities in the inner radiation belt observed by the RBSP satellite

High energy trapped particles in the radiation belts constitute potential threats to the functionality of satellites as they enter into those regions. In the inner radiation belt, the characteristics of high-energy (>20MeV) protons variations during geomagnetic activity times have been studied by implementing four-year (2013-2016) observations of the Van Allen probes. An empirical formula has been used to remove the satellite orbit effect, by which proton fluxes have been normalized to the geomagnetic equator. Case studies s ...

Xu, Jiyao; He, Zhaohai; Baker, D.N.; Roth, Ilan; Wang, C.; Kanekal, S.G.; Jaynes, A.N.; Liu, Xiao;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026205

geomagnetic activities; high energy proton; Inner radiation belt; one-to-one correspondence; prompt responses; RBSP satellite; Van Allen Probes