Van Allen Probes Bibliography is from August 2012 through September 2021 Notice:

Found 10 entries in the Bibliography.
Showing entries from 1 through 10
2008 
This paper focuses on the modeling of local acceleration and loss processes in the outer radiation belt. We begin by reviewing the statistical properties of waves that violate the first and second adiabatic invariants, leading to the loss and acceleration of high energy electrons in the outer radiation belt. After a brief description of the most commonly accepted methodology for computing quasilinear diffusion coefficients, we present pitchangle scattering simulations by (i) plasmaspheric hiss, (ii) a combination of plasma ... SHPRITS, Y; SUBBOTIN, D; MEREDITH, N; ELKINGTON, S; Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and SolarTerrestrial Physics Published on: 11/2008 YEAR: 2008 DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2008.06.014 
2007 
The energization of relativistic electrons in the outer Van Allen radiation belt The origin and dynamics of the Van Allen radiation belts is one of the longeststanding questions of the space age, and one that is increasingly important for space applications as satellite systems become more sophisticated, smaller and more susceptible to radiation effects. The precise mechanism by which the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere is able to accelerate electrons from thermal to ultrarelativistic energies (Edouble greater than0.5 MeV) has been particularly difficult to definitively resolve. The traditional expl ... Chen, Yue; Reeves, Geoffrey; Friedel, Reiner; Published by: Nature Physics Published on: 09/2007 YEAR: 2007 DOI: 10.1038/nphys655 
Radiation belt electrons can interact with various modes of plasma wave in their drift orbits about the Earth, including whistlermode chorus outside the plasmasphere, and both whistlermode hiss and electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves inside the plasmasphere. Electrons undergo gyroresonant diffusion in their interactions with these waves. To determine the timescales for electron momentum diffusion and pitch angle diffusion, we develop bounceaveraged quasilinear resonant diffusion coefficients for fieldaligned electromagn ... Summers, D.; Ni, Binbin; Meredith, Nigel; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research Published on: 04/2007 YEAR: 2007 DOI: 10.1029/2006JA011801 
2006 
Phase space density analysis of the outer radiation belt energetic electron dynamics We present an analysis of the electron phase space density in the Earth\textquoterights outer radiation belt during three magnetically disturbed periods to determine the likely roles of inward radial diffusion and local acceleration in the energization of electrons to relativistic energies. During the recovery phase of the 9 October 1990 storm and the period of prolonged substorms between 11 and 16 September 1990, the relativistic electron phase space density increases substantially and peaks in the phase space density occur ... Iles, Roger; Meredith, Nigel; Fazakerley, Andrew; Horne, Richard; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research Published on: 03/2006 YEAR: 2006 DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011206 
2005 
Wave acceleration of electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts The Van Allen radiation belts1 are two regions encircling the Earth in which energetic charged particles are trapped inside the Earth\textquoterights magnetic field. Their properties vary according to solar activity2, 3 and they represent a hazard to satellites and humans in space4, 5. An important challenge has been to explain how the charged particles within these belts are accelerated to very high energies of several million electron volts. Here we show, on the basis of the analysis of a rare event where the outer radiati ... Horne, Richard; Thorne, Richard; Shprits, Yuri; Meredith, Nigel; Glauert, Sarah; Smith, Andy; Kanekal, Shrikanth; Baker, Daniel; Engebretson, Mark; Posch, Jennifer; Spasojevic, Maria; Inan, Umran; Pickett, Jolene; Decreau, Pierrette; Published by: Nature Published on: 09/2005 YEAR: 2005 DOI: 10.1038/nature03939 
Techniques are presented for efficiently evaluating quasilinear diffusion coefficients for whistler mode waves propagating according to the full cold plasma index of refraction. In particular, the density ratio ωpe/Ωe can be small, which favors energy diffusion. This generalizes an approach, previously used for highdensity hiss and electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves, of identifying (and omitting) ranges of wavenormal angle θ that are incompatible with cyclotron resonant frequencies ω occurring between sharp cutoffs of ... Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research Published on: 03/2005 YEAR: 2005 DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010844 
2004 
Relativistic electrons in the outer radiation belt: Differentiating between acceleration mechanisms Many theoretical models have been developed to explain the rapid acceleration to relativistic energies of electrons that form the Earth\textquoterights radiation belts. However, after decades of research, none of these models has been unambiguously confirmed by comparison to observations. Proposed models can be separated into two types: internal and external source acceleration mechanisms. Internal source acceleration mechanisms accelerate electrons already present in the inner magnetosphere (L < 6.6), while external source ... Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research Published on: 03/2004 YEAR: 2004 DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010153 
2003 
We examine signatures of two types of waves that may be involved in the acceleration of energetic electrons in Earth\textquoterights outer radiation belts. We have compiled a database of ULF wave power from SAMNET and IMAGE ground magnetometer stations for 1987\textendash2001. Longduration, comprehensive, in situ VLF/ELF chorus wave observations are not available, so we infer chorus wave activity from lowaltitude SAMPEX observations of MeV electron microbursts for 1996\textendash2001 since microbursts are thought to be cau ... O\textquoterightBrien, T.; Lorentzen, K.; Mann, I.; Meredith, N.; Blake, J.; Fennell, J.; Looper, M.; Milling, D.; Anderson, R.; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research Published on: 08/2003 YEAR: 2003 DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009784 
We perform a survey of the plasma wave and particle data from the CRRES satellite during 26 geomagnetically disturbed periods to investigate the viability of a local stochastic electron acceleration mechanism to relativistic energies driven by Dopplershifted cyclotron resonant interactions with whistler mode chorus. Relativistic electron flux enhancements associated with moderate or strong storms may be seen over the whole outer zone (3 < L < 7), typically peaking in the range 4 < L < 5, whereas those associated with weak s ... Meredith, Nigel; Cain, Michelle; Horne, Richard; Thorne, Richard; Summers, D.; Anderson, Roger; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research Published on: 06/2003 YEAR: 2003 DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009764 
1998 
Resonant diffusion curves for electron cyclotron resonance with fieldaligned electromagnetic R mode and L mode electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves are constructed using a fully relativistic treatment. Analytical solutions are derived for the case of a singleion plasma, and a numerical scheme is developed for the more realistic case of a multiion plasma. Diffusion curves are presented, for plasma parameters representative of the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere at locations both inside and outside the plasmapause ... Summers, D.; Thorne, Richard; Xiao, Fuliang; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research Published on: 09/1998 YEAR: 1998 DOI: 10.1029/98JA01740 
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