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Survey analysis of chorus intensity at Saturn

In order to conduct theoretical studies or modeling of pitch angle scattering of electrons by whistler mode chorus emission at Saturn, a knowledge of chorus occurrence and magnetic intensity levels, PB, as well as the distribution of PB relative to frequency and spatial parameters is essential. In this paper an extensive survey of whistler mode magnetic intensity levels at Saturn is carried out, and Gaussian fits of PB are performed. We fit the spectrum of wave magnetic intensity between the lower hybrid frequency and fceq/2 ...

Menietti, J.; Averkamp, T.; Groene, J.; Horne, R.; . Y. Shprits, Y; Woodfield, E.; Hospodarsky, G.; Gurnett, D.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.1010.1002/2014JA020523

Space physics

Space science: Near-Earth space shows its stripes

Using some of the first scientific satellites put into orbit during the late 1950s, teams led by physicists James Van Allen in the United States and Sergei Vernov in the Soviet Union independently reported1, 2 on defined regions of radiation in near-Earth space. These regions came to be known as Earth\textquoterights radiation belts, and they represent the first major scientific discovery of the space age. However, despite decades of study, many questions in radiation-belt physics remain unanswered, mostly concerning the nat ...

Turner, Drew;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1038/507308a

Space physics; Van Allen Probes


A Study of the Duration of the Passage through the Van Allen Belts for a Spacecraft going to the Moon

This paper has the goal of estimating the fuel consumption and the duration of the transit in the Van Allen belts for a flight of a spacecraft going from the Earth to the Moon. This problem is very important because the region interior to the belts have a high density of energetic charged particles that can damage the satellite, so minimizing this transit time helps in protecting the equipments on board. The propulsive force is assumed to have a low magnitude and to be applied in the direction of the motion of the spacecraft ...

Oliveira, T; Rocco, E; Prado, A; Ferreira, J;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/465/1/012019

Space physics