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Direct evidence reveals transmitter signal propagation in the magnetosphere

AbstractSignals from very-low-frequency transmitters on the ground are known to induce energetic electron precipitation from the Earth’s radiation belts. The effectiveness of this mechanism depends on the propagation characteristics of those signals in the magnetosphere, and in particular whether the signals are ducted or nonducted along channels of enhanced plasma density, analogous to optical fibres. Here we perform a statistical analysis of in-situ waveform data collected by the Van Allen Probes satellites that shows th ...

Gu, Wenyao; Chen, Lunjin; Xia, Zhiyang; Horne, Richard;

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

VLF transmitters; ducted propagation; nonducted propagation; Magnetosphere; Van Allen Probes


The Impenetrable Barrier: Suppression of Chorus Wave Growth by VLF Transmitters

Rapid radiation belt recovery following storm time depletion involves local acceleration of multi-MeV electrons in nonlinear interactions with VLF chorus waves. Previous studies of an apparent impenetrable barrier at L ~ 2.8 focused on diffusion and precipitation loss mechanisms for an explanation of the sharp reduction of multi-MeV electron fluxes earthward of L ~ 3. Van Allen Probes observations for cases when the plasmasphere is contracted earthward of L ~ 3 indicate that strong coherent signals from VLF transmitter ...

Foster, John; Erickson, Philip; Omura, Yoshiharu; Baker, Daniel;

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Radiation belt; Plasmapause; VLF transmitters; wave-particle interactions; Electron acceleration; nonlinear VLF chorus; Van Allen Probes