Found 6 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 6


Laboratory studies of nonlinear whistler wave processes in the Van Allen radiation belts

Important nonlinear wave-wave and wave-particle interactions that occur in the Earth\textquoterights Van Allen radiation belts are investigated in a laboratory experiment. Predominantly electrostatic waves in the whistler branch are launched that propagate near the resonance cone with measured wave normal angle greater than 85\textdegree . When the pump amplitude exceeds a threshold \~5\texttimes10-6 times the background magnetic field, wave power at frequencies below the pump frequency is observed at wave normal angles (\~5 ...

Tejero, E.; Crabtree, C.; Blackwell, D.; Amatucci, W.; Mithaiwala, M.; Ganguli, G.; Rudakov, L.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1063/1.4928944

Nonlinear waves; Van Allen Belts


An impenetrable barrier to ultrarelativistic electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts

Early observations1, 2 indicated that the Earth\textquoterights Van Allen radiation belts could be separated into an inner zone dominated by high-energy protons and an outer zone dominated by high-energy electrons. Subsequent studies3, 4 showed that electrons of moderate energy (less than about one megaelectronvolt) often populate both zones, with a deep \textquoteleftslot\textquoteright region largely devoid of particles between them. There is a region of dense cold plasma around the Earth known as the plasmasphere, the out ...

Baker, D.; Jaynes, A.; Hoxie, V.; Thorne, R.; Foster, J.; Li, X.; Fennell, J.; Wygant, J.; Kanekal, S.; Erickson, P.; Kurth, W.; Li, W.; Ma, Q.; Schiller, Q.; Blum, L.; Malaspina, D.; Gerrard, A.; Lanzerotti, L.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1038/nature13956

Magnetospheric physics; ultrarelativistic electrons; Van Allen Belts; Van Allen Probes

Chorus-driven acceleration of radiation belt electrons in the unusual temporal/spatial regions

Cyclotron resonance with whistler-mode chorus waves is an important mechanism for the local acceleration of radiation belt energetic electrons. Such acceleration process has been widely investigated during the storm times, and its favored region is usually considered to be the low-density plasmatrough with magnetic local time (MLT) from midnight through dawn to noon. Here we present two case studies on the chorus-driven acceleration of radiation belt electrons in some \textquotedblleftunusual\textquotedblright temporal /spat ...

Su, Zhenpeng; Xiao, Fuliang; Zheng, Huinan; Zhu, Hui;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1109/URSIGASS.2014.6929875

Acceleration; Van Allen Belts; Van Allen Probes

Prompt energization of relativistic and highly relativistic electrons during a substorm interval

On 17 March 2013, a large magnetic storm significantly depleted the multi-MeV radiation belt. We present multi-instrument observations from the Van Allen Probes spacecraft Radiation Belt Storm Probe A and Radiation Belt Storm Probe B at \~6 Re in the midnight sector magnetosphere and from ground-based ionospheric sensors during a substorm dipolarization followed by rapid reenergization of multi-MeV electrons [1]. A 50\% increase in magnetic field magnitude occurred simultaneously with dramatic increases in 100 keV electron f ...

Foster, John; Erickson, Philip;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1109/URSIGASS.2014.6929876

Magnetic flux; Magnetosphere; Van Allen Belts; Van Allen Probes

Radiation belt electron acceleration by chorus waves during the 17 March 2013 storm

Local acceleration driven by whistler-mode chorus waves is suggested to be fundamentally important for accelerating seed electron population to ultra-relativistic energies in the outer radiation belt. In this study, we quantitatively evaluate chorus-driven electron acceleration during the 17 March 2013 storm, when Van Allen Probes observed very rapid electron acceleration up to multi MeV within \~15 hours. A clear peak in electron phase space density observed at L* \~ 4 indicates that the internal local acceleration process ...

Thorne, R.; Li, W.; Ma, Q.; Ni, B.; Bortnik, J.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1109/URSIGASS.2014.6929882

Atmospheric waves; Van Allen Belts; Van Allen Probes

Cosmic ray physics in space: from fundamental physics to applications

One hundred years after their discovery by Victor Hess, cosmic rays are nowadays subject of intense research from space-based detectors, able to perform for the first time high precision measurement of their composition and spectra as well as of isotropy and time variability. On May 2011, the alpha magnetic spectrometer (AMS-02) has been installed on the International Space Station, to measure with high accuracy the cosmic ray properties searching for rare events which could be an indication of the nature of dark matter or p ...

Battiston, Roberto;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1007/s12210-014-0293-1

Anti matter; Cosmic rays; Dark matter; Seismology; Space research; Superconductivity; Van Allen Belts