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Van Allen Probes Bibliography is from August 2012 through September 2021
Found 16 entries in the Bibliography.
Showing entries from 1 through 16
Relation Between Shock-Related Impulse and Subsequent ULF Wave in the Earth s Magnetosphere
The generation of Pc4-5 ultralow frequency (ULF) waves after interplanetary shock-induced electric field impulses in the Earth s magnetosphere is studied using Van Allen Probes measurements by investigating the relationship between the first impulses and subsequent resonant ULF waves. In the dayside, the relevant time scales of the first impulse is correlated better with local Alfvén speed than with local eigenfrequency, implying that the temporal scale of the first impulse is more likely related to fast-mode wave propagati ...
Zhang, Dianjun; Liu, Wenlong; Li, Xinlin; Sarris, Theodore; Wang, Yongfu; Xiao, Chao; Zhang, Zhao; Wygant, John;
Published by: Geophysical Research Letters Published on: 11/2020
YEAR: 2020   DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090027
ULF wave; interplanetary shock; Magnetosphere; Field line resonance; electric field; wave excitation; Van Allen Probes
Observations of impulsive electric fields induced by Interplanetary Shock
We investigate the characteristics of impulsive electric fields in Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere, as measured by the Van Allen Probes, in association with interplanetary shocks, as measured by ACE and Wind spacecraft in the solar wind from January 2013 to July 2016. It is shown that electric field impulses are mainly induced by global compressions by the shocks, mostly in the azimuthal direction and the amplitudes of the initial electric field impulses are positively correlated with the rate of increase of dynamic pres ...
Zhang, Dianjun; Liu, Wenlong; Li, Xinlin; Sarris, Theodore; Xiao, Chao; Wygant, J.;
Published by: Geophysical Research Letters Published on: 07/2018
YEAR: 2018   DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078809
electric field; inner magnetosphere; interplanetary shock; particle accelaration; Van Allen Probes
Magnetic activity dependence of the electric drift below L=3
More than two years of magnetic and electric field measurements by the Van Allen Probes are analyzed with the objective of determining the average effects of magnetic activity on the electric drift below L=3. The study finds that an increase in magnetospheric convection leads to a decrease in the magnitude of the azimuthal component of the electric drift, especially in the night-side. The amplitude of the slowdown is a function of L, local time MLT, and Kp, in a pattern consistent with the storm-time dynamics of the ionosphe ...
Published by: Geophysical Research Letters Published on: 04/2018
YEAR: 2018   DOI: 10.1029/2018GL077873
electric drift; electric field; Inner radiation belt; ionospheric disturbance dynamo; plasmasphere; subcorotation; Van Allen Probes
SC-associated electric field variations in the magnetosphere and ionospheric convective flows
We examine magnetic and electric field perturbations associated with a sudden commencement (SC), caused by an interplanetary (IP) shock passing over the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere on 16 February 2013. The SC was identified in the magnetic and electric field data measured at THEMIS-E (THE-E: MLT = 12.4, L = 6.3), Van Allen Probe-A (VAP-A: MLT = 3.2, L = 5.1), and Van Allen Probe-B (VAP-B: MLT = 0.2. L= 4.9) in the magnetosphere. During the SC interval, THE-E observed a dawnward-then-duskward electric (E) field pertur ...
Kim, S.-I.; Kim, K.-H.; Kwon, H.-J.; Jin, H.; Lee, E.; Jee, G.; Nishitani, N.; Hori, T.; Lester, M.; Wygant, J.;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 10/2017
YEAR: 2017   DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024611
Model-observation comparison for the geographic variability of the plasma electric drift in the Earth\textquoterights innermost magnetosphere
Plasmaspheric rotation is known to lag behind Earth rotation. The causes for this corotation lag are not yet fully understood. We have used more than two years of Van Allen Probe observations to compare the electric drift measured below L~2 with the predictions of a general model. In the first step, a rigid corotation of the ionosphere with the solid Earth was assumed in the model. The results of the model-observation comparison are twofold: (1) radially, the model explains the average observed geographic variability of the ...
Lejosne, ène; Maus, Stefan; Mozer, F.;
Published by: Geophysical Research Letters Published on: 07/2017
YEAR: 2017   DOI: 10.1002/2017GL074862
corotation; electric field; Ionosphere; plasmasphere; thermosphere; Van Allen Probes; wind
An improved sheath impedance model for the Van Allen probes EFW instrument: Effects of the spin axis antenna
A technique to quantitatively determine the sheath impedance of the Van Allen Probes Electric Field and Waves (EFW) instrument is presented. This is achieved, for whistler mode waves, through a comparison between the total electric field wave power spectra calculated from magnetic field observations and cold plasma theory, and the total electric field wave power measured by the EFW spherical double probes instrument. In a previous study, a simple density-dependent sheath impedance model was developed in order to account for ...
Hartley, D.; Kletzing, C.; Kurth, W.; Hospodarsky, G.; Bounds, S.; Averkamp, T.; Bonnell, J.; ik, O.; Wygant, J.;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 03/2017
YEAR: 2017   DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023597
antenna sheath impedance; EFW; electric field; EMFISIS; Van Allen Probes; whistler mode waves
The role of the convection electric field in filling the slot region between the inner and outer radiation belts
The Van Allen Probes have reported frequent flux enhancements of 100s keV electrons in the slot region, with lower energy electrons exhibiting more dynamic behavior at lower L shells. Also, in situ electric field measurements from the Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite, Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), and the Van Allen Probes have provided evidence for large-scale electric fields at low L shells during active times. We study an event on 19 February 2014 where hundre ...
Califf, S.; Li, X.; Zhao, H.; Kellerman, A.; Sarris, T.; Jaynes, A.; Malaspina, D.;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 02/2017
YEAR: 2017   DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023657
convection; electric field; electrons; Slot region; Van Allen Probes
Typical values of the electric drift E \texttimes B / B 2 in the inner radiation belt and slot region as determined from Van Allen Probe measurements
The electric drift E \texttimes B/B2 plays a fundamental role for the description of plasma flow and particle acceleration. Yet it is not well-known in the inner belt and slot region because of a lack of reliable in situ measurements. In this article, we present an analysis of the electric drifts measured below L ~ 3 by both Van Allen Probes A and B from September 2012 to December 2014. The objective is to determine the typical components of the equatorial electric drift in both radial and azimuthal directions. The dependenc ...
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 12/2016
YEAR: 2016   DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023613
electric drift; electric field; Inner radiation belt; plasmasphere; subcorotation; Van Allen Probes
Control of the innermost electron radiation belt by large-scale electric fields
Electron measurements from the Magnetic Electron Ion Spectrometer instruments on Van Allen Probes, for kinetic energies \~100 to 400 keV, show characteristic dynamical features of the innermost ( inline image) radiation belt: rapid injections, slow decay, and structured energy spectra. There are also periods of steady or slowly increasing intensity and of fast decay following injections. Local time asymmetry, with higher intensity near dawn, is interpreted as evidence for drift shell distortion by a convection electric field ...
Selesnick, R.; Su, Y.-J.; Blake, J.;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 08/2016
YEAR: 2016   DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022973
electric field; electrons; Inner radiation belt; Van Allen Probes
Van Allen Probe measurements of the electric drift E \texttimes B/B2 at Arecibo\textquoterights L = 1.4 field line coordinate
We have used electric and magnetic measurements by Van Allen Probe B from 2013 to 2014 to examine the equatorial electric drift E \texttimes B/B2 at one field line coordinate set to Arecibo\textquoterights incoherent scatter radar location (L = 1.43). We report on departures from the traditional picture of corotational motion with the Earth in two ways: (1) the rotational angular speed is found to be 10\% smaller than the rotational angular speed of the Earth, in agreement with previous works on plasmaspheric notches, and (2 ...
Published by: Geophysical Research Letters Published on: 07/2016
YEAR: 2016   DOI: 10.1002/2016GL069875
corotation; electric field; Inner radiation belt; Ionosphere; plasmasphere; Van Allen Probes
Large-amplitude electric fields in the inner magnetosphere: Van Allen Probes observations of subauroral polarization streams
The subauroral polarization stream (SAPS) is an important magnetosphere-ionosphere (MI) coupling phenomenon that impacts a range of particle populations in the inner magnetosphere. SAPS studies often emphasize ionospheric signatures of fast westward flows, but the equatorial magnetosphere is also affected through strong radial electric fields in the dusk sector. This study focuses on a period of steady southward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) during the 29 June 2013 geomagnetic storm where the Van Allen Probes observe a ...
Califf, S.; Li, X.; Wolf, R.; Zhao, H.; Jaynes, A.; Wilder, F.; Malaspina, D.; Redmon, R.;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 05/2016
YEAR: 2016   DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022252
electric field; injection; SAPS; subauroral; Van Allen Probes
Structure and Evolution of Electron "Zebra Stripes" in the Inner Radiation Belt
Zebra stripes\textquotedblright are newly found energetic electron energy-spatial (L shell) distributed structure with an energy between tens to a few hundreds keV in the inner radiation belt. Using high-quality measurements of electron fluxes from Radiation Belt Storm Probes Ion Composition Experiment (RBSPICE) on board the twin Van Allen Probes, we carry out case and statistical studies from April 2013 to April 2014 to study the structural and evolutionary characteristics of zebra stripes below L = 3. It is revealed that t ...
Liu, Y.; Zong, Q.-G.; Zhou, X.-Z.; Foster, J.; Rankin, R.;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 05/2016
YEAR: 2016   DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022077
electric field; energetic electrons; particle dynamic; Radiation belt; Van Allen Probes; zebra stripes
The \textquotedblleftzebra stripes\textquotedblright: An effect of F-region zonal plasma drifts on the longitudinal distribution of radiation belt particles
We examine a characteristic effect, namely, the ubiquitous appearance of structured peaks and valleys called zebra stripes in the spectrograms of energetic electrons and ions trapped in the inner belt below L ~ 3. We propose an explanation of this phenomenon as a purely kinematic consequence of particle drift velocity modulation caused by F region zonal plasma drifts in the ionosphere. In other words, we amend the traditional assumption that the electric field associated with ionospheric plasma drives trapped particle distri ...
Lejosne, Solène; Roederer, Juan;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 01/2016
YEAR: 2016   DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021925
electric field; Ionosphere; Inner radiation belt; Van Allen Probes; zebra stripes
Van Allen Probes investigation of the large scale duskward electric field and its role in ring current formation and plasmasphere erosion in the June 1, 2013 storm
Using the Van Allen Probes we investigate the enhancement in the large scale duskward convection electric field during the geomagnetic storm (Dst ~ -120 nT) on June 1, 2013 and its role in ring current ion transport and energization, and plasmasphere erosion. During this storm, enhancements of ~1-2 mV/m in the duskward electric field in the co-rotating frame are observed down to L shells as low as ~2.3. A simple model consisting of a dipole magnetic field and constant, azimuthally westward, electric field is used to calculat ...
Thaller, S.; Wygant, J.; Dai, L.; Breneman, A.W.; Kersten, K.; Cattell, C.A.; Bonnell, J.W.; Fennell, J.F.; Gkioulidou, Matina; Kletzing, C.A.; De Pascuale, S.; Hospodarsky, G.B.; Bounds, S.;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 05/2015
YEAR: 2015   DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020875
electric field; inner magnetosphere; plasma convection; plasmasphere; ring current; Van Allen Probes
THEMIS measurements of quasi-static electric fields in the inner magnetosphere
We use four years of THEMIS double-probe measurements to offer, for the first time, a complete picture of the dawn-dusk electric field covering all local times and radial distances in the inner magnetosphere based on in situ equatorial observations. This study is motivated by the results from the CRRES mission, which revealed a local maximum in the electric field developing near Earth during storm times, rather than the expected enhancement at higher L shells that is shielded near Earth as suggested by the Volland-Stern mode ...
Califf, S.; Li, X.; Blum, L.; Jaynes, A.; Schiller, Q.; Zhao, H.; Malaspina, D.; Hartinger, M.; Wolf, R.; Rowland, D.; Wygant, J.; Bonnell, J.;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 10/2014
YEAR: 2014   DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020360
convection; double probe; electric field; inner magnetosphere
Photoelectron-mediated spacecraft potential fluctuations
Electric field fluctuations such as those due to plasma waves in Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere may modulate photoelectrons emitted from spacecraft surface, causing fluctuations in spacecraft potential. We experimentally investigate such photoelectron-mediated spacecraft potential fluctuations. The photoelectric charge of a spacecraft model is found to increase with increasing applied electric field as more photoelectrons escape the spacecraft model surface and dissipates with a decrease in the electric field through co ...
Wang, X.; Malaspina, D.; Ergun, R.; M., Hor\;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on: 02/2014
YEAR: 2014   DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019502
chorus waves; electric field; Magnetosphere; photoelectrons; plasma density; spacecraft potential fluctuations