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Observations and measurement techniques

There have now been over 50 years of in situ measurements of the ring current. As the measurement capabilities have increased, and more missions have contributed, a remarkably consistent picture has developed of the characteristics of the ring current. In this paper, we review the observations of the ring current, starting from the satellites in the early 60’s, the breakthrough of Explorer 45 identifying the particle population that creates the ring current, and the surprises when the first composition measurements at low ...

Kistler, Lynn;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-815571-4.00010-X

ring current; instrumentation; Van Allen Probes