Bibliography

 Van Allen Probes Bibliography is from August 2012 through September 2021 Notice: Clicking on the DOI link will open a new window with the original bibliographic entry from the publisher. Clicking on a single author will show all publications by the selected author. Clicking on a single keyword, will show all publications by the selected keyword.

Response of Different Ion Species to Local Magnetic Dipolarization Inside Geosynchronous Orbit

 Author Motoba, T.; Ohtani, S.; Gkioulidou, M.; Ukhorskiy, A.; Mitchell, D.; Takahashi, K.; Lanzerotti, L.; Kletzing, C.; Spence, H.; Wygant, J.; Keywords deep inside geosynchronous orbit; dipolarizations; Ion injections; ion species; Van Allen Probes Abstract This paper examines how hydrogen, helium and oxygen (H, He and O) ion fluxes at 1\textendash1000 keV typically respond to local magnetic dipolarization inside geosynchronous orbit (GEO). We extracted 144 dipolarizations which occurred at magnetic inclination > 30\textdegree from the 2012\textendash2016 tail seasons\textquoteright observations of the Van Allen Probes spacecraft and then defined typical flux changes of these ion species by performing a superposed epoch analysis. On average, the dipolarization inside GEO is accompanied by a precursory transient decrease in the northward magnetic field component, transient impulsive enhancement in the westward electric field component, and decrease (increase) in the proton density (temperature). The coincident ion species experience an energy-dependent flux change, consisting of enhancement (depression) at energies above (below) ~50 keV. These properties morphologically resemble those around dipolarization fronts (or fast flows) in the near-Earth tail. A distinction among the ion species is the average energy of the flux ratio peak, being at 200\textendash400 keV (100\textendash200 keV) for He (H and O) ions. The flux ratio peaks at different energies likely reflect the different charge states of injected ionospheric- and/or solar wind-origin ion species. The ion spectra become harder for sharp dipolarizations, suggesting the importance of accompanying electric field in transporting and/or energizing the ions efficiently. Interestingly, the average flux ratio peak does not differ significantly among the ion species for ~2 min after onset, which implies that mass-dependent acceleration process is less important in the initial stage of dipolarization. Year of Publication 2018 Journal Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Volume Number of Pages Section Date Published 06/2018 ISBN URL https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018JA025557 DOI 10.1029/2018JA025557