A Case Study of Transversely Heated Low-Energy Helium Ions by EMIC Waves in the Plasmasphere

Author
Keywords
Abstract
Abstract The Van Allen Probe A spacecraft observed strong ∼0.5-Hz helium (He+) band and weak ∼0.8-Hz hydrogen (H+) band EMIC waves on April 17, 2018, at L = ∼4.5–5.2, in the dawn sector, near the magnetic equator, and close to the plasmapause. We examined low-energy ion fluxes observed by the Helium Oxygen Proton and Electron (HOPE) instrument onboard Van Allen Probe A during the wave interval and found that low-energy He+ flux (<10 eV) enhancements occur nearly simultaneously with He-band and H-band EMIC wave power enhancements in a direction mostly perpendicular to the background magnetic field without significant low-energy H+ and O+ flux variations. We suggest that cold He+ ions (<1 eV) are preferentially and transversely heated up 10 eV through the interaction with EMIC waves inside the plasmasphere. The low-Earth orbit spacecraft observed localized precipitations of energetic protons in the upper ionosphere at subauroral latitudes near the magnetic field footprint of Van Allen Probe A. Our observations provide a clear evidence that EMIC waves play an important role in the overall dynamics in the inner magnetosphere, contributing to the high-energy particle loss and low-energy particle energization.
Year of Publication
2021
Journal
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume
126
Number of Pages
e2020JA028560
Date Published
02/2021
URL
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2020JA028560
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JA028560