Global Survey of Electron Precipitation due to Hiss Waves in the Earth s Plasmasphere and Plumes

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Abstract
Abstract We present a global survey of energetic electron precipitation from the equatorial magnetosphere due to hiss waves in the plasmasphere and plumes. Using Van Allen Probes measurements, we calculate the pitch angle diffusion coefficients at the bounce loss cone, and evaluate the energy spectrum of precipitating electron flux. Our ∼6.5-year survey shows that, during disturbed times, hiss inside the plasmasphere primarily causes the electron precipitation at L > 4 over 8 h < MLT < 18 h, and hiss waves in plumes cause the precipitation at L > 5 over 8 h < MLT < 14 h and L > 4 over 14 h < MLT < 20 h. The precipitating energy flux increases with increasing geomagnetic activity, and is typically higher in the plasmaspheric plume than the plasmasphere. The characteristic energy of precipitation increases from ∼20 keV at L = 6 to ∼100 keV at L = 3, potentially causing the loss of electrons at several hundred keV.
Notes
Year of Publication
2021
Journal
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume
n/a
Number
Number of Pages
e2021JA029644
Date Published
07/2021
URL
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2021JA029644
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA029644