Equatorial noise with quasiperiodic modulation: Multipoint observations by the Van Allen Probes spacecraft

Electromagnetic wave measurements performed by the two Van Allen Probes spacecraft are used to analyze equatorial noise emissions with a quasiperiodic modulation of the wave intensity. These waves are confined to the vicinity of the geomagnetic equator, and they occur primarily on the dayside. In situ plasma number density measurements are used to evaluate density variations related to the wave occurrence. It is shown that the events are sometimes effectively confined to low density regions, being observed at successive satellite passes over a time duration as long as one hour. The events typically occur outside the plasmasphere, and they are often cease to exist just at the plasmapause. The analysis of the spatial separations of the spacecraft at the times when the events were observed simultaneously by both of them allows us to estimate the event spatial dimensions. It is found that the event spatial extent is typically lower than about 0.25RE in radial distance and within about one hour in magnetic local time. Modulation periods of the events decrease with increasing plasma number density up to about 100cm-3. Principally no dependence is observed at larger densities, possibly indicating a propagation from other locations.
Year of Publication
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Date Published