A Statistical Survey of Radiation Belt Dropouts Observed by Van Allen Probes

Author
Keywords
Abstract
A statistical analysis on the radiation belt dropouts is performed based on 4 years of electron phase space density data from the Van Allen Probes. The μ, K, and L* dependence of dropouts and their driving mechanisms and geomagnetic and solar wind conditions are investigated using electron phase space density data sets for the first time. Our results suggest that electronmagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) wave scattering is the dominant dropout mechanism at low L* region, which requires the most active geomagnetic and solar wind conditions. In contrast, dropouts at high L* have a higher occurrence and are due to a combination of EMIC wave scattering and outward radial diffusion associated with magnetopause shadowing. In addition, outward radial diffusion at high L* is found to cause larger dropouts than EMIC wave scattering and is accompanied with active geomagnetic and solar wind drivers.
Year of Publication
2018
Journal
Geophysical Research Letters
Date Published
08/2018
URL
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018GL078907
DOI
10.1029/2018GL078907