Evaluation of Plasma Properties From Chorus Waves Observed at the Generation Region

In this study we present an inversion method which provides thermal plasma population parameters from characteristics of chorus emissions only. Our ultimate goal is to apply this method to ground-based data in order to derive the lower-energy boundary condition for many radiation belt models. The first step is to test the chorus inversion method on in situ data of the Van Allen Probes in the generation region. The density and thermal velocity of energetic electrons (few kiloelectron volts to 100 keV) are derived from frequency sweep rate and starting frequencies of chorus emissions through analysis of wave data from the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science on board the Van Allen Probes. The nonlinear wave growth theory of Omura and Nunn (2011, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JA016280) serves as the basis for our inversion method, assuming that the triggering wave is originated by the linear cyclotron instability. We present 16 consecutive rising-tone emissions recorded in the generation region between 11 and 12 UT on 14 November 2012. The results of the inversion are compared with density and thermal velocities (parallel and perpendicular) of energetic electrons derived from the unidirectional flux data of the Helium, Oxygen, Proton, and Electron instrument, showing a good agreement: The normalized root-mean-square deviation between the measured and predicted values are less than \~15\%. We found that the theoretical amplitudes are consistent with the measured ones. The relation between linear and nonlinear wave growth agrees with our basic assumption; namely, linear growth is a preceding process of nonlinear wave growth. We analyze electron distributions at the relativistic resonant energy ranges.
Year of Publication
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Date Published
ISSN Number