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Review of modeling of losses and sources of relativistic electrons in the outer radiation belt II: Local acceleration and loss
Author  SHPRITS, Y; SUBBOTIN, D; MEREDITH, N; ELKINGTON, S; 
Keywords  Local Acceleration due to WaveParticle Interaction 
Abstract  This paper focuses on the modeling of local acceleration and loss processes in the outer radiation belt. We begin by reviewing the statistical properties of waves that violate the first and second adiabatic invariants, leading to the loss and acceleration of high energy electrons in the outer radiation belt. After a brief description of the most commonly accepted methodology for computing quasilinear diffusion coefficients, we present pitchangle scattering simulations by (i) plasmaspheric hiss, (ii) a combination of plasmaspheric hiss and electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves, (iii) chorus waves, and (iv) a combination of chorus and EMIC waves. Simulations of the local acceleration and loss processes show that statistically, the net effect of chorus waves is acceleration at MeV energies and loss at hundreds of keV energies. The combination of threedimensional (3D) simulations of the local processes and radial transport show that the complexity of the behavior of the radiation belts is due to a number of competing processes of acceleration and loss, and depends on the dynamics of the plasmasphere, ring current, and solar wind conditions. 
Year of Publication  2008 
Journal  Journal of Atmospheric and SolarTerrestrial Physics 
Volume  70 
Number of Pages  16941713 
Section  
Date Published  11/2008 
ISBN  
URL  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364682608001673 
DOI  10.1016/j.jastp.2008.06.014 