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Inner-Zone Energetic-Electron Repopulation by Radial Diffusion

AuthorTomassian, Albert; Farley, Thomas; Vampola, Alfred;
KeywordsRadial Transport
AbstractA quantitative study of the intrusion of natural electrons into the inner radiation zone during and after the geomagnetic storm of September 2, 1966, shows that the transport is consistent with a radial-diffusion mechanism in which the first two invariants are conserved. Except for the 3-day period of the storm main phase when data were missing, the radial-diffusion coefficient is D = 2.7 \texttimes 10-5 L7.9 μ-0.5 day-1 in the range 1.7 <= L <= 2.6 and 13.3 <= μ <= 27.4 Mev gauss-1. This value could be produced by variation of a large-scale electric field across the magnetosphere having an amplitude of 0.28 mv / m and a period of 1600 sec. Electric fields having approximately these characteristics have been inferred from previous observations of the motion of whistler ducts within the plasmapause. If fields of this amplitude and period exist throughout the magnetosphere, the radial diffusion of all geomagnetically trapped particles except the high-energy inner-zone protons is strongly influenced by electric-field variations. A comprehensive review of previously reported radial-diffusion coefficients shows reasonable agreement for L less than about 3.0, but serious discrepancies among reported values exist for determinations made in the outer zone. These discrepancies cannot be explained by the simple theory of radial diffusion due to variation of large-scale electric or magnetic fields.
Year of Publication1972
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Number of Pages3441-3454
Date Published07/1972