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Found 2 entries in the Bibliography.

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Conjugate Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Observations of a Sub-Alfv\ enic Compressional Intermediate- m Wave: A Case Study Using EKB Radar and Van Allen Probes

A Pc5 wave was simultaneously observed in the ionosphere by EKB radar and in the magnetosphere by both Van Allen Probe spacecraft within a substorm activity. The wave was located in the nightside, in 1.5- to 3-hr magnetic local time sector, and in the region corresponding to the magnetic shells with maximal distances 4.6\textendash7.8 Earth\textquoterights radii. As it was found using both the radar and spacecraft data, the wave had frequency of about 1.8 mHz and azimuthal wave number m≈-10; that is, the wave was westward propagating. The EKB radar data revealed the equatorward wave propagating in the ionosphere, which corresponded to the earthward propagation in the magnetosphere. Furthermore, the field-aligned magnetic component was approximately 2 times larger than both transverse components and accompanied by antiphase pressure oscillations; that is, the wave is compressional and diamagnetic. According to both radar and spacecraft measurements, among two transverse magnetic components, the dominant one was the poloidal. The wave was possibly driven by substorm-injected energetic protons registered by the spacecraft: the proton fluxes were modulated with the wave frequency at energies of about 90 keV, which corresponded to the energy of the drift wave-particle resonance. The wave frequency was much lower than the minimal frequency of the field line resonance calculated using the spacecraft data. We conclude that the wave is not the Alfv\ en mode, but some kind of compressional wave, for example, the drift-compressional mode.

Mager, Olga; Chelpanov, Maksim; Mager, Pavel; Klimushkin, Dmitri; Berngardt, Oleg;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026541

compressional waves; Pc5; poloidal waves; SUPERDARN; ULF waves; Van Allen Probes


An examination of the source of decameter-scale irregularities in the geomagnetically disturbed mid-latitude ionosphere

We present first results from a study of the plasma instability mechanism responsible for the small-scale (\~10 m) ionospheric density irregularities commonly observed by the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) HF radars in the vicinity of Sub Auroral Polarization Streams (SAPS) during periods of geomagnetic disturbance. A focus is placed on the mid-latitude region of the ionosphere over North America where recent expansion of the SuperDARN network allows for extensive direct comparisons with total electron content (TEC) measurements from a dense network of ground-based GPS receivers. The TEC observations indicate that high-speed SAPS channels and the associated small-scale irregularities are typically located within the mid-latitude ionospheric trough. The Millstone Hill Incoherent Scatter Radar (ISR), operating in campaign mode in support of the NASA Van Allen Probes mission, provided measurements of F region ion/electron density, velocity, and temperature suitable for identifying potential mechanisms of plasma instability during a SAPS event that extended over 12 hours of magnetic local time (MLT) on 2 February 2013. Previous work has indicated that the density gradients associated with the poleward wall of the mid-latitude trough can produce small-scale irregularities due to the gradient drift instability during quiet periods by cascade from larger-scale structures. In this study we demonstrate that the gradient drift instability is a viable source for the direct generation of the small-scale irregularities observed by SuperDARN radars in the mid-latitude ionosphere during geomagnetically disturbed conditions.

Thomas, Evan; Yan, Jingye; Zhang, Jiaojiao; Baker, Joseph; Ruohoniemi, Michael; Hoskawa, Keisuke; Erickson, Philip; Coster, Anthea; Foster, John;

Published by:       Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1109/URSIGASS.2014.6929853

Ionosphere; Plasmas; SUPERDARN; Van Allen Probes